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Tuesday, 1 November 2016

UPSR Vocabulary


Word Chamber

Parts of the Human Body
Hair, Head, Chin, Neck, Shoulder, Wrist, Chest, Waist, Elbow, Arm, Hand, Leg, Thigh, Knee, Calf, Ankle, Toe and Foot.


Parts of the Human Body
Head:
Forehead, Eyebrow, Eyelashes, Eye, Ear, Cheek, Nose, Moustache, Mouth, Teeth, Lips and Beard


Hand:
Little finger, Ring finger, Middle finger, Index finger, Fingernail and Thumb

Practice…
Wonderful made…/On the outside
There is no one like you in the whole world. 
That makes you very special indeed. 
Even though we are different, we are the same in many ways. 
Read the labels of the parts of the body in the picture above.

Not all parts of the body are labelled in the picture above. Name some parts of the body that you know.
Discuss the functions of these parts of the body.
Examples: 
We kick a ball with our legs.
We smell with our nose.

Fill in the with the right word.
The _ K _ _ _ protects the brain.
We hear with our E _ _ S.
The _ H _ _ _ is above the knee.
The _ _ L _ _ R _ _ N _ is below the neck.
The K _ _ E is between the thigh and the shin.
The _ H _ N is below the knee.
The S _ L _ is at the bottom of the foot.
The _ _ R _ _ _ _ is part of the ear.

The words below are also names of certain parts of your body. 
Where are they on your body?

• upper arm
• ball of the thumb
• bridge of the nose
• forearm
• crook of the arm
• collarbone
• wrist
• ball of the foot
• nostrils
• arch
• earlobe
• temple


Animals (Keywords):
Antler, h
ump, beak, claws, feathers, fur, leg,
f
oreleg, pouch, hind leg, tale...

Parts of Animal Body
Animals
There are many types of animals in this world.
Can you name the animals you know?
Name of animals: cat, dog, cow, goat, fly, butterfly, ant, fish
Let us study about animals.
Remember, always be kind to animals!
The Blue Whale is the biggest animal in the world.

Part of animals:
We have two legs and two arms.
What about animal? Think.
Different animals have different parts of the body.
Examples:
A bird has eyes, beak, wings, feathers, clawslegs and tail.
A cat has eyes, mouth, ears, nose, legs, whiskers, fur, paw, claws and tail.
A cow has eyes, nose, mouth, horns, legs and tail.
A fish has eyes, mouth, fins, scales and tail.
Lion - mane, fur
Elephant - tusk, trunk
Snake - tongue, scales


Cow and fish

Home of animal:
Where do you think animal live?
Animals live in their own home.
Do not touch any animals or disturb their home.
A lion sleeps up to 20 hours a day.
Different animals have different homes.
Examples:
Lion/elephant – forest
Monkey - tree
Mouse – house
Earthworm – soil
Cow/goat – field
Fish – pond/sea
Duck/Chicken – farm
Grasshopper - grass

Sound of animals:
Different animals make different sounds.
Examples:
Cat – meow
Bird – tweet
Snake – hiss
Cow – moo
Frog – croak

Animals move
Different animals move in different ways.
Penguin and ostrich are birds that cannot fly.
Examples:
A snake glides.
A fish swims.
A bird flies.
A frog jumps.

Practice
Answer these questions.
What animals live in the forest?
What animals live in the grass?
Can you name the home of a cow?
Where do fish live?
Which animal tweets?
Which animal hisses?
What animal has two legs?
What animal has four legs?
What helps a fish to swim?


Name an animal which has no leg.
Name two animals that can jump.
Name two animals that can fly.
Animal that mews? (Cat/snake/bird/frog/fish)

Name the homes of these animals.
Earthworm - _____
Monkey - _____
Bird - _____

Goat - _____


Fill in the blanks.
A ___ glides.
A ___jumps.
A cow ___.   

Most birds can ___.            

Let’s Read
Wonderful made…/Some yet different
Hair colour differs among people from all over the world.
Some have red hair, some have brown while some have black hair.
Besides hair, can you name other differences? Read some of these differences.
Eyes
Hair
Nose
Face
Skin
Body size
brown
curly
flat
freckles
fair
plump
green
wavy
pointed
square
dark
muscular
round
straight
wide
round
soft
thin
slanted
spiky
small
oval
pale
big

Describe these children.
Examples:
Eva has long, wavy black hair.
She has round brown eyes and a pointed nose.

Write the similarities and differences between Eva and Kate.
Similarities
I. Eva and Kate have small mouths.
Differences
I. Kate has freckles.

Now, describe yourself to your friend.
Then, describe someone else in your class.
Ask your friend to guess who the person is.

Family Members
Grandparents, Parents, Children, Cousin...
Person/Relationship
Aunt:
(1) The sister of your father or mother  
(2) The wife of your uncle
Brother
(1) A Boy or man who has the same mother and father as another person.
Brother-in-law
(1) The brother of your husband or wife.
(2) Your sister’s husband.
Cousin
(1) Child of your aunt or uncle.
Daughter
(1) A female child
Father
A male parent of a child .
Father-in-law
The father of your husband or wife.
Grandfather
The father of your father or mother.  
Grandmother
The mother of your father or mother.
Husband
The man whom a woman is married to.

Transport
(Land, Sea, and Air)
LAND:
Ambulance
Bicycle
Bus
Car
Cable car
Jeep
Lorry
Monorail
Motorcycle
Scooter
Taxi
Train
Trishaw
Van

SEA
Container ship
Cruiser
Ferry
Gondola
Hovercraft
Hydrofoil
Jet Ski
Lifeboat
Liner
Paddle steamer
Punt
Rowing boat
Sampan
Speedboat
Junk
Raft

AIR
Aeroplane
Biplane
Glider
Helicopter
Hat-air balloon

Weather Conditions
Cloudy
Cold
Hazy
Misty
Rainy
Snowy
Stormy
Sunny
Wet
Windy
Hot
Clear
Gloomy
Dry
Warm
Windless

Food Keywords:
Vegetables, fruits, rice, fish, chicken, eggs, milk,
drinks, breakfast, lunch and dinner.
Food
Types of Food
We need food to live. Why?
Food helps us to grow and be healthy.
There are many types of food.
We have three meals a day: breakfast, lunch and dinner.
Most food come from plants and animals.
Banana, papaya and pineapple are local fruits.
They are good for our body.
Food helps us to grow and be healthy.
We also need to drink a lot of water.
We need to drink six to eight glasses of water every day.
Every day I eat and drink.
I have three meals
Breakfast: I have breakfast in the morning.
Lunch: I have lunch in the afternoon.
Dinner: I have dinner at night.

Food: Vegetables, meat and dairy
Vegetables:
Bean
Beansprout
Bitterground
Brinjal
Broccoli
Cabbage
Carrot
Cauliflower
Celery
Chilli
Cucumber
Ginger
Leek
Okra
Lettuce
Melon
Onion
Potato
Pumpkin
Tomato
Yarn

Meat
Chicken
Beef
Duck
Goose
Pork
Mutton
Turkey
Venison
Veal

Dairy
Milk
Cheese
Butter
Yogurt
Ice cream
Egg


Practice
Answer these questions.
Why do we need food?
What happens if you do not eat food?
At what time did you have your breakfast?
What food did you have for your breakfast?
What did you have for lunch?
What did you have for dinner?
Name three types of food that keep you healthy.

Write YES or NO.
We need food to live.
Bananas and durians are fruits.
We must eat only one type of food.
We have breakfast in the morning.


We have dinner at four o'clock.

Hobbies and Sports
Camping
Canoeing
Hiking
Mountain climbing
Ice skating
Sailing
Scuba-diving
Surfing
Waterskiing
Badminton
Basketball
Bowling
Chess
Computer game
Fishing
Football
Hide-and-seek
Jogging
Netball
Rowing
Squash
Swimming
Table-tennis
Tennis

Basic clothing
Hat
Shirt
Jacket
Tie
Belt
Trousers
Boots
Gloves

Scarf
Blouse
Skirt
Slip-ons

Cap
Singlet
Shorts
Socks
Shoes

Others
Baju kurung
Baju melayu
Bow tie
Cardigan
Cheongsam
Dress
Flip-flops
Gown
Handkerchief
Jeans
Mittens
Pyjamas
Raincoat
Sandals
Sari
Sarong
Shawl
Songkok
Suit

Verbs
Present/past/past participant/continuous
Act/acted/acted/acting
Add/added/added/adding
Advise/advised/advised/advising
Allow/allowed/allowed/allowing
Announce/announced/announced/announcing
Answer/answered/answered/answering
B
Bake/baked/baked/baking
Bargain/bargained/bargained/bargaining
Become/became/became/becoming
Begin/began/begun/beginning
Believe/believed/believed/believing
Bite/bit/bitten/biting
C
Call/called/called/calling
Carry/carried/carried/carrying
Catch/caught/caught/catching
Celebrate/celebrated/celebrated/celebrating
Change/changed/changed/changing
Charge/charged/charged/charging
D
Dance/danced/danced/dancing
Decorate/decorated/decorated/decorating
Delight/delighted/delighted/delighting
Depart/departed/departed/departing
Deposit/deposited/deposited/depositing
Develop/developed/developed/developing
E
Eat/ate/eaten/eating
End/ended/ended/ending
Enjoy/enjoyed/enjoyed/enjoying
Escape/escaped/escaped/escaping
Excite/excited/exciting
F
Fall/fell/fallen/falling
Fascinate/fascinated/fascinated/fascinating
Feed/fed/fed/feeding
Feel/felt/felt/feeling
Fight/fought/fought/fighting
Fill/filled/filled/filling
G
Gather/gathered/gathered/gathering
Get/got/gotten/getting
Give/gave/given/giving
Go/went/gone/going
Grow/grew/grown/growing
H
Hang/hung/hung/hanging
Happen/happened/happened/happening
Hate/hated/hated/hating
Have/had/had/having
Hear/heard/heard/hearing
Help/helped/helped/helping
I
Interest/interested/interested/interesting
Investigate/investigated/investigated/investigating
Invite/invited/invited/inviting
Iron/ironed/ironed/ironing
Join/joined/joined/joining
Jump/jumped/jumped/jumping
J
Join/joined/joined/joining
Jump/jumped/jumped/jumping
K
Keep/kept/kept/keeping
Kidnap/kidnapped/kidnapped/kidnapping
Knock/knocked/knocked/knocking
Know/knew/known/knowing
L
Laugh/laughed/laughed/laughing
Lay/laid/laid/laying
M
Make/made/made/making
Manage/managed/managed/managing
Meet/met/met/meeting
Mend/mended/mended/mending
Mislead/misled/misled/misleading
Miss/missed/missed/missing
N
Need/needed/needed/needing
O
Open/opened/opened/opening
Operate/operated/operated/operating
Order/ordered/ordered/ordering
Organise/organised/organised/organising
Overcome/overcame/overcame/overcoming
Overtake/overtook/overtaken/overtaking
P
Pack/packed/packed/packing
Paint/painted/painted/painting
Park/parked/parked/parking
Pay/paid/paid/paying
Peel/peeled/peeled/peeling
Peep/peeped/peeped/peeping
Pick/picked/picked/picking
R
Reach/reached/reached/reaching
Read/read/read/reading
Realise/realised/realised/realising
Recede/receded/receded/receding
Receive/receive/received/receiving
Recycle/recycled/recycled/recycling
S
Safe/saved/saved/saving
Say/said/said/saying
Scare/scared/scared/scaring
Scold/scolded/scolded/scolding
Scrub/scrubbed/scrubbed/scrubbing
See/saw/seen/seeing
T
Take/took/taken/taking
Talk/talked/talked/talking
Taste/tasted/tasted/testing
Teach/taught/taught/teaching
Tear/tore/torn/tearing
Tell/told/told/telling
Think/thought/thought/thinking
U
Undergo/underwent/undergone/undergoing
Understand/understood/understood/understanding
Use/used/used/using
V
Visit/visited/visited/visiting
W
Wait/waited/waited/waiting
Wake/woke/woken/waking
Walk/walked/walked/walking
Want/wanted/wanted/wanting
Wash/washed/washed/washing
Watch/watched/watched/watching
Wear/wore/worn/wearing

Practice
Become/became/became/becoming
Begin/began/begun/beginning
Bite/bit/bitten/biting
Catch/caught/caught/catching
Eat/ate/eaten/eating
Fall/fell/fallen/falling
Get/got/gotten/getting
Know/knew/known/knowing
Overcome/overcame/overcame/overcoming
Overtake/overtook/overtaken/overtaking
See/saw/seen/seeing
Take/took/taken/taking
Tear/tore/torn/tearing
Think/thought/thought/thinking
Undergo/underwent/undergone/undergoing
Wake/woke/woken/waking
Come on, wake up./Please wake me early tomorrow./Did you wake at all during the night?
I woke up early./She woke up feeling better./I woke up with a headache./Jane's hand on my shoulder woke me out of/from a bad dream.
He'd just woken up./This was a dream; she'd fallen asleep on the train and not yet woken up.
He was not waking up./No point in waking him now.
Wear/wore/worn/wearing
He wears glasses./Ahmad wears glasses for reading.
She wore a beautiful dress./Susan wore an elegant dove-grey jacket.
I am worn out./She was so worn out that she fell asleep at the table./My shoes are worn out.
Tom was wearing a wig. /My brother was wearing pyjamas at 6.30 this morning./We were wearing a dark suit/glasses.


Idioms, Proverbs and Similes
Idioms
pass the hat around - to collect money from a number of people
to kill two birds with one stone - to achieve two things at the same time
be in the same boat - to be in the same difficult situation
to be raining cats and dogs  - to be raining heavily
to be chicken-hearted - not brave
pick and choose - to choose only those that you like very much
at the eleventh hour - at the last moment
at one’s fingertips - to have the information and able to find and use it easily
by heart - using only your memory
lend a hand - to help somebody
lend an ear - to listen patiently
bear in mind – to remember
face to face - close to and looking at somebody
to turn over a new leaf - to abandon bad habits and improve your way of life
once in blue moon - very rarely
face to face - close to and looking at somebody
to turn over a new leaf - to abandon bad habits and improve your way of life
once in blue moon - very rarely
face the music - to accept a punishment for something
in the nick of time - just in time before something bad happens
safe for a rainy day - to save money for a time when you will really need it
a bird’s–eye view – a view of something from a high position looking down
born with silver spoon in your mouth – having rich parents
by hook or by crook - using any method you can, even a dishonest one
by word of mouth - people telling each other and not because they read about it
caught red-handed - to catch somebody in the act of committing a crime
be child’s play – very easy
in black and white – in writing
in good shape – in good condition
on top of the world – very happy or proud
one’s bread and butter – one’s main source of income
out of one’s mind – to stop thinking about something
the apple of one’s eye – a person/thing that is loved more than any other
break the ice – to say or do something that makes people feel relaxed
burn the midnight oil - to study or work until late at night
cry over spilt milk - to waste time worrying about something that has happened
to get cold feet - to suddenly become nervous
have a soft spot - to like something
keep an eye on - to share the same views as others
sit on the fence - to avoid becoming involved in deciding something
take it easy – to relax and not doing things too much
turn a deaf ear – refuse to listen

Proverbs
A bird in the hand is worth than two in the bush. - It is better to keep what you have than to risk losing it by searching for something better.
A friend in need is a friend indeed. - Someone who helps you when you are in trouble is a real
friend.
Action speaks louder than words. - What people actually do is more important than what they say they
will do.
An apple a day keeps the doctor away. - Eating an apple every day can help to keep you healthy.
Better late than never. - To do something later than expected is not good but it is better than not doing it at all.
Charity begins at home. - A person’s first duty is to help and care for his own family.
Don’t judge a book by its cover. - Do not judge by appearances.
Easier said than done. - What is suggested sounds easy but it is more difficult to actually do it.
First come, first served - The first person in the line will be attended first.
Great minds think alike. - Said when you express the same opinion as another person at the same time.
Let bygones be bygones. - Let’s forgive and forget past quarrels.
Once bitten twice shy. - After an unpleasant experience, people are careful to avoid something similar.
Practice makes perfect. - Doing something repeatedly is the only way to become good at it.
Silence gives consent. - If you do not object to something, it can be assumed that you agree with it. Silence is golden. - It is often better to say nothing than to talk.
Too many cooks spoil the broth. - If too many people are involved in something, it will not be done properly.
Two heads are better than one. - Having another person’s opinion is good because they may think of something that we have not thought of.
Union is strength. - A group has more force than an individual.
When the cat’s away the mice will play. - People misbehave when their boss, or the person in authority, is absent.
Where there’s a will there’s a way. - A person with determination will find a way of doing something.

Similes
as agile as a monkey – able to move quickly and easily
as beautiful as the rainbow – very beautiful
as black as coal – completely black
as blind as a bat – completely blind
as brave as a lion – very brave
as busy as a bee – very busy
as cold as ice – very cold
as cool as a cucumber – very calm
as devoted as a mother – very dedicated
as easy as ABC – very easy
as fast as deer – very fast
as fierce as a lion – very fierce
as flat as a pancake - completely flat
as good as gold - very good and obedient
as graceful as a swan - very graceful
as green as grass - completely green
as happy as a king - very happy
as hard as iron - very hard
as hard-working as an ant - very hard-working
as heavy as an elephant – very heavy
as hot as fire – very hot
as hungry as a wolf - very hungry
as light as a feather - very light
as loud as thunder - very loud
as playful as a kitten/puppy - very playful
as poor as a beggar – poverty-stricken
as proud as a peacock – very proud
as quick as lightning – very quick(ly)
as quiet as a mouse - very quiet
as sharp as a needle/razor – very sharp
as silent as the grave – completely silent
as slippery as eel - slippery, evasive, not to be trusted of a person
as slow as a snail/tortoise – very slow
as soft as butter – very soft
as sour as vinegar - very sour
as sweet as honey – very sweet
as tall as a giant – very tall
as tough as leather – very tough
as white as snow – pure white
as wise as an owl – very wise

List of Adverbs Formed from Other Words
Words - Adverbs
accident - accidently
actual - actually
agree - agreeable
angry - angrily
annual - annually
anxious - anxiously
beauty - beautiful
brave - bravery
bright - brightly
busy - busily
careful - carefully
cheerful - cheerfully
clean – cleanly
clever - cleverly
comfort - comfortably
continue - continually
cruel - cruelly
dangerous - dangerously
day - daily
destroy – destructively
easy – easily
entire – entirely
excellent – excellently
fear – fearfully
fierce – fiercely
first – firstly
fool – foolishly
forget – forgetfully
free – freely
general – generally
glad – gladly
great – greatly
happy – happily
hard – hardly
heavy – heavily
help – helpfully
hope – hopefully
joy – joyfully
kind – kindly
know – knowingly
last – lastly
late – lately
lazy – lazily
loud –loudly
luck – luckily
mad – madly
neglect – neglectfully
nice – nicely
noise – noisily
one – once
open – openly
pain – painfully
peaceful – peacefully
polite – politely
pretty – prettily
proud – proudly
quick  - quickly
rare – rarely
ready – readily
regular – regularly
rough – roughly
sad – sadly
safe – safely
satisfy – satisfactorily
shame – shamefully
silent – silently
sincere – sincerely
skill – skilfully
sleep – sleepily
slow – slowly
sound – soundly
special – specially
whole – wholly
wise – wisely

synonyms
abandon - leave/desert
abduct - kidnap
able – capable/competent
abolish - cancel/do away with
abroad - overseas
abrupt - sudden
abundant - plentiful
accident - mishap
accomplish – achieve
accurate – exact/precise
accuse - blame
achieve – accomplish
acquire
act
adequate –
admire – adore
aged – old/elderly
agree – consent
aid – help/assistance
alive – lively/active
allow – permit/let
ally – friend
almost – nearly
alter – change
ancient – old
anger – fury
annually – yearly
anxious – worried
arrogant – proud
ask – question
assemble – gather
astonished – surprised/amazed
attempt – try/endeavour
attract - entice
authority - power
bad - evil
ban - prohibit
barrier – obstacle
beat – defeat
beg – plead/implore
behavior – conduct
beverages – drinks
bind – fasten/tie
blank – empty
brave – courageous/daring
bravery – courage
brief – short
broad – wide
burst - explode
catch – capture
cause – reason
caution – care/warning
cautious – careful
cease – stop/terminate
centre – middle
chance – opportunity
chaos – disorder/confusion
chase – pursue
check – inspect/examine
chilly - cold
choose - select
circular - round
clumsy - awkward
coarse - rough
combine - join
commerce – begin/start
common – normal/ordinary
compel – force
complete – challenge/contest
comprise – consist of
conceal – hide
concern – interest
conclude – end
confess – admit
confidential – secret
considerate – thoughtful
continue – resume
control – rule/in charge
cope with – manage
courteous – polite
cruel – unkind
cry – weep
cunning – sly
cure – remedy
curious – inquisitive
damage – harm
damp – moist
dangerous - risky
daring – brave
deadly – fatal/lethal
dear – expensive
deceive – cheat
decorate – adorn
decrease – reduce
defect – fault
delight - joy
denounce – condemn
desire – wish
despise – scorn
destroy – ruin
diligent – hardworking
disaster – calamity
disclose – reveal
disgrace – shame
doubtful – uncertain
drowsy – sleepy
duty – obligation
eager – keen/interested
earn – acquire/gain
edible – eatable
educate – teach
elevate – raise
embrace – hug
eminent – famous
enemy – toe
enormous – gigantic/huge
enough – sufficient
enquire – ask
entire – whole
envy – jealously
escape – flee
essential – important
evidence – proof
exact – accurate
exterior – outside
extra – additional
famous – renown/well-known
for – distant
fatal – deadly
fate – destiny
fatigue – weary
fault – defect/error
fear - dread
feeble – weak
find – discover
finish – complete
float – drift
forbid – prohibit
foreign - alien
foundation – base
frequently – often/regularly
frightened – scared
gain – profit
gather – collect
gay – cheerful
gaze – stare
genuine – real
gift – present
glad – happy/pleased
glee – delight
goal – aim
govern – rule
grief – sorrow
grumble – complain
habit – custom
halt – stop
hard – difficult
harm – injure/hurt
haste – hurry
hate – detest
haughty – proud
help – assist
hide – conceal
hinder – obstruct
hoarse – husky
humorous – funny
illegal – unlawful
imagine – think
imitate – copy
immediately – instantly/promptly
immense – vast
impartial – just
incorrect – wrong
insolent – rude
inspect – examine
intention – aim
intentional – deliberate
interfere – meddle
invaluable – priceless
irritate – provoke
jealous – envious
job – occupation
join – occupation
join – unite
jovial – jolly/cheerful
jump – leap
just – fair
keen – interested
knowledge – wisdom/learning
keep – retain/save
kind - thoughtful
lean – thin
learn – study
leave – depart
legible – clear/readable
liberal – generous
lofty – high
loyal – faithful
lurk – prowl
mad – insane/crazy
magnify – enlarge
malicious – spiteful
mammoth – huge
marvel – wonder
memorable – unforgettable
merry – happy
minimum – least
mischievous – naughty
miserable – wretched
mistake – error
motionless – still/stationary
mute – dumb
narrate – tell/relate
naughty – mischievous
near – close
neat – tidy/clean
necessary – essential
nimble – agile
notorious – infamous
nullify – annul
obedient – complaint
obstacle – hindrance
obstruct – hinder/deter
obvious – clear
occasion – event
occur – happen
odd – strange/peculiar
odour – smell
often – frequently
oppose – object/resist
option – choice
origin – source
pacify – appease
pamper – spoil
panic – alarm
panicky – nervous
peaceful – calm/tranquil
peak – top/summit
permanent – lasting
persuade – coax/urge
persuade – convince
petty – trivial/small
plain – simple
plunge – dive
polite – courteous
pollute – contaminate
popular – famous/well-known
praise – compliment
probe – investigate
prohibit – forbid
prompt – quick/swift
protect – guard/defend
purpose – intention/aim
quaint – add
quantity – amount
queer – peculiar
quest – seek
quick – rapid
quiet – tranquil/peaceful
quit – stop/resign
rage – fury/anger
rapid – quick
rare – uncommon
rational – reasonable
ravage – devastate
refuge – shelter
reluctant – unwilling
remedy – cure
remote – for/distant
rescue – save
reside – stay
respond – reply/answer
result – consequence
rich – wealthy
safe – secure
same – identical
scanty – sparse
scatter – disperse
scent – fragrance
seldom – rarely
sequence - order
shatter – break
short – brief/concise
shout – yell
sight – vision
sleep – slumber
slender - thin
sorrow – sadness/grief
sorry – remorseful
spacious – vast
sparkle – glitter/gleam
squander – waste
starve – famish
stern – strict
still – motionless
stress – emphasise
stubborn – obstinate
sufficient – enough/adequate
suitable – appropriate
swift – quick
tame – gentle
thief – burglar
thrust – push
tired – weary/exhausted
tap – summit
topple – fall
trash – rubbish/garbage
trick – hoax/deceive
true – genuine
trust – believe
try – attempt
ugly – hideous
understand – comprehend
unique – exceptional
untidy – messy
urge – press
usual – common

vacant – empty
valiant – brave
value – worth
valueless – worthless
vanish – disappear
victory – triumph
vivid – clear
wander – roam
war – battle
weak – feeble
weep – cry
welcome – greet
withdraw – retreat/retire
wits – intelligence
wonder – amazement
wound – injury
wrath – anger
wreath – ring
wretched – miserable
yearly – annually
yell – shout
yield – produce

Antonyms
above – below
absent – present
add – subtract
adult – child
afraid – brave
alike – different
alive – dead
allow – forbid
always – never
appear – vanish
ascend – descend
attack – defend
back – front
bad – good
beautiful – ugly
before – after
better – worse
big – small
bitter – sweet
bright – dull
broad – narrow
busy – idle
buy – sell
cheap – dear/expensive
clean – dirty
clever – foolish
cold – hat
come – go
common – rare
complete – incomplete
cool – warm
coward – hero
cry – laugh
dark – bright
dawn – dusk
day – night
deep – shallow
die – live
difficult – easy
divide – multiply
drop – rise
early – late
east – west
empty – full
enemy – friend
evening – morning
exit – entrance
external – internal
failure – success
false – true
far – near
fat – thin/lean
few – many
finish – start
first – last
float – sink
foreign – local
forget – remember
former – latter
found – lost
fresh – stale
give – take
guilty – innocent
happy – sad
hard – soft
healthy – sick
heavy – light
hell – heaven
high – low
hungry – full
in – out
increase – decrease
inside – outside
interesting – dull/boring
joy – sorrow
junior – senior
lead – follow
least – most
lend – borrow
lenient –strict
long – short
loud – soft
male – female
master – servant
maximum – minimum
modern – ancient
more – less
nervous – calm
noisy – quiet
north – south
add – even
old – new
past – future
peace – war
polite – rude
poor – rich
question – answer
quick – slow
right – wrong
rise – fall
rough – smooth
rural – urban
safe – dangerous
same – different
sharp – blunt
spend – save
strong – weak
sweet – sour
tall – short
tame – wild
thick – thin
light – loose
top – bottom
up – down
useful – useless
vacant – occupied
wide – narrow
wrong – right

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