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Tuesday, 2 January 2018

ENGLISH FOR PRIMARY 3

Primary English for Malaysians
Primary 3

Lesson 1
‘When’, ‘before’ & ‘after’ adverbial clause
Principal clause in Simple Present
What is Ahmad doing?
He is saying, "Good morning".
He is saying it to his teacher.
He says 'Good morning' every day.
He says it when he sees his teacher.
What does he say when he sees his teacher?
He says 'Good morning' when he sees his teacher.

What is Ah Kow doing?
He is taking off his shoes.
He takes them off every day.
He takes them off before he goes into his house.
What does he do before he goes into his house?
He takes off his shoes before he goes into his house.

Henry is cleaning his pen.
He cleans his pen every day.
He writes with it every day.
He cleans his pen after he has written with it.
What does he do after he has written with his pen?
He cleans it after he has written with it.

Read these questions and answers.
What do you do when you get up?
I clean my teeth when I get up.

What do you do when you go to school?
I learn English when I go to school.

What do you do when the bell rings?
I walk into my class when the bell rings.

What do you do when you go to the field?
I play football when I go to the field.

What do you do when you go home?
I have my lunch when I go home.

What do you do before you have your lunch?
I wash my hands before I have my lunch.

What do you do after you have eaten?
I wash my plate after I have eaten.

What do you do after you have rested?
I learn my lessons after I have rested.

What do you do after you have learnt your lessons?
I go out to play after I have learnt my lessons.
What do you do before you go out to play football?
I put on my shoes before I go out to play football.

What do you do after you have played football?
I have my bath after I have played football.

What do you do before you have your bath?
I rest for a few minutes before I have my bath.

Exercise 1
Fill in the blanks with 'before' or 'after'.
Then write out each sentence as shown.
I clean my pen _____ I have written with it.
I clean my pen after I have written with it.

1. I wash my hands _____ I eat.
2. I wash my plate _____ I have eaten.
3. I look at the cars _____ I cross the road.
4. I have my bath     _____ I have played football.
5. I go to school _____ the bell rings.
6. I walk home _____ the bell has rung.
7. I wash my face     _____ I have my breakfast.
8. I go to school _____ I have had my breakfast.

Exercise 2
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence as shown.
Monday comes (before, after) Sunday.
Monday comes after Sunday.

1. Tuesday comes (before, after) Wednesday.
2. Wednesday comes (before, after) Tuesday.
3. Friday comes (before, after) Saturday.
4. Thursday comes (before, after) Friday.
5. January comes (before, after) February.
6. March comes (before, after) February.
7. October comes (before, after) November.
8. December comes (before, after) November.

Exercise 3
Match these sentences with the ones below.
The first one is done for you.
…I go to see a doctor.
…I buy a lot of vegetables.
…I say 'Thank you'.
…I hold up my umbrella.
…I go to bed.

1. When I go to the market, I buy a lot of vegetables.
2. When my father gives me some money, _____      
3. When I am ill, _____
4. When I am tired, _____                      
5. When I walk in the rain, _____         

Exercise 4
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence as shown.
A duck (walks, swims) when it is in the water.
A duck swims when it is in the water.

1. A bird (flies, jumps) when it is in the sky.
2. A dog (sings, barks) when it sees a thief.
3. A rat (walks, runs) when it sees a cat.
4. A baby (cries, laughs) when he is hungry.
5. A farmer (sleeps, works) when the sun shines.
6.
A hawker (shouts, laughs) when he walks on the road.
7. It is morning when the sun (rises, sets).
8. It is evening when the sun (rises, sets).

LESSON 2
Present Continuous Tense

What is Ahmad doing?
I le is reading a book.
What is Aishah doing?
She is writing a letter.
Is Ahmad writing a letter, too? No, he isn't. He is reading a book.
Is Aishah reading a book, too? No, she isn't. She is writing a letter.

Look at the men.
They are cutting down a tree.
They are using axes to cut the tree down.
Where are they standing?
They are standing near the tree.
One man is raising his axe.
The other man is bringing his axe down.
Both the men are cutting down the tree.

Look at the cows in the field.
What are they doing?
They are eating grass.
Who is looking after them?
A boy is looking after them.
Where is he sitting?
He is sitting under the tree.
He is sitting under the tree looking after his cows.

Read the 64 sentences in this table.
Read them aloud.

talking with the man now.
singing in the room now.
eating at the table now.
playing in the garden now.
writing on the blackboard now.
dancing in the hall now.
skipping on the road now.
standing at the gate now.


The boy is
The girl is
He is
She is
The girls are
They are
We are
You are

 











Example:
The boy is talking with the man now.
The boy is singing in the room now.
The boy is eating at the table now.

Answer these questions orally.
1. Where are you sitting now?
2. Where is your teacher standing now?
3. What are you doing now?
4. What is your teacher doing now?
5. What is your father doing now?
6. What is your mother doing now?
7. Who is sitting in front of you now?
8. Who is sitting behind you now?
9. Who is sitting beside you now?
10. Who is standing near the blackboard now?
11. What book are you reading now?
12. What page are you reading now?
13. Are you standing or sitting now?
14. Is your teacher standing or sitting now?
15. Are you reading or writing now?
16. Is your teacher looking at you now?
17. Are you looking out of the window now?
18. Are you putting up your hand now?

Present Continuous Tense
Exercise 1
Write out each sentence as shown.
She ____ (swim) now. (swimming)
She is swimming now.

1. He   _____ (wake) up now. (waking)
2. She _____ (write) now. (writing)
 3. They _____ (sleep) now. (sleeping)
4. The baby _____ (cry) now. (crying)
5. The boys _____ (dance) now. (dancing)
6. We  _____ (come) now. (coming)
7. That man _____ (go) now. (going)  
8. That woman _____(walk) now. (walking)

Present Continuous Tense
Exercise 2
Write out each sentence as shown.
I _____ (ride) my bicycle now. (riding)
I am riding my bicycle now.

1. Chong Beng _____ (ring) the bell now. (ringing)
2. Mohan _____ (sing) in the hall now. (singing)
3. He   _____ (take) the bag away now. (taking)
4. The girls _____ (make) dresses now. (making)
5. They _____ (wear) white shirts now. (wearing)
6. I _____    (shut) the window now. (shutting)
7. You _____ (open) the door now. (opening)
8. My teacher _____ (tell) a story now. (telling)

Present Continuous Tense
Exercise 3
Write out each sentence as shown.
The sun _____        (shine) now. (shining)
The sun is shining now.

1. The wind ____ (blow) now. (blowing)
2. You ____  (stand) on your chair now. (standing)
3. She _____ (speak) to the boys now. (speaking)
4. The teacher____(give) the book to me now. (giving)
5. The men    ____(work) in the field now. (working)
6. The birds _____ (fly) in the sky now. (flying)
7. Those dogs ____ (fight) on the road now. (fighting)
8. Look! It ____ (rain) now. (raining)

Present Continuous Tense
Kassim is laughing.

1. Mei Lin is crying
2. Swee Lan is dancing.
3. Kassim is writing.
4. Henry is talking.
5. The dogs are barking.
6. The boys are jumping.
7. The girls are singing.
8. The men are working.

Present Continuous Tense
Exercise 5
Turn these statements into questions.
He is playing in the garden now.

1. She is walking on the road now.
2. He is looking out of the window now
3. She is singing in the room now. C
4. He is standing at the gate now. ^
5. They are playing in the field now. ,
6. They are sitting under the tree now.
7. We are working in the room now.
8. I am sleeping on the bed now.

Present Continuous Tense
Exercise 6
Turn these statements into questions.
I am giving a book to you.

1. I am giving my bag to her.
2. She is giving a flower to him.
3. He is waiting for the bus.
4. She is baking a cake.
5. They are playing with the cat.
6. We are pushing the cupboard.
7. They are plucking flowers in the garden
8. She is writing a letter in the room.

Present Continuous Tense
He is talking to his teacher.
He is not talking to his teacher

He is looking at the picture.
She is playing in the garden.
He is writing at the table.
She is cooking in the kitchen.
They are talking in the room.
We are sitting on the floor.
I am running to the door.
You are going to the market.

Present Continuous Tense
Exercise 8
Rewrite these sentences using 'not'.
I am carrying a basket.
I am not carrying a basket

1. I am buying a fish.
2. She is sweeping the room.
3. He is cleaning his shoes.
4. You are making a kite.
5. They are washing the cups.
6. We are pulling the rope.
7. He is selling ice-cream.
8. She is bathing her dog.

Lesson 3
‘Why?’, ‘because’
Look at Alice.
She is putting her hands under the box.
She wants to lift the big box.
Can she lift the big box?
No, she can't lift it.
Why can't she lift it?
Because it is too heavy.
She can't lift the big box because it is too heavy.

Look at Ahmad,
He is standing on a chair.
He wants to touch the ceiling.
Can he touch the ceiling?
No, he can't touch it.
Why can't he touch it?
Because it is too high.
He can't touch the ceiling because it is too high.

It is 5 o'clock in the evening.
Ah Kow wants to play football.
He has just put on his boots.
Can he play football now?
No, he can't play now.
Why can't he play now?
Because it has just started to rain.
He can't play football now because it has just started to rain.

Read these questions and answers.
Then finish the last sentence orally.
1. Can a dog fly? No it can't.
Why can't a dog fly? Because it has no wings.
A dog can't fly because _____ 

2. Can a clock talk? No, it can't.
Why can't a clock talk? Because it has no mouth.
A clock can't talk because ______                  

3. Can a table talk? No, it can't.
Why can't a table talk? Because it has no mouth.
A table can't talk because______       

4. Can you touch the top of the door? No, I can't.
Why can't you touch the top of the door? Because it is too high.
I can’t touch the top of the door because_____

5. Can you eat two bowls of rice now? No, I can't.
Why can't you eat two bowls of rice now? Because I am not hungry.
I can't eat two bowls of rice now because_____

6. Can you drink two cups of tea now? No, I can't.
Why can't you drink two cups of tea now? Because I am not thirsty.
I can't drink two cups of tea now because_____

7. Can you carry the cupboard? No, I can't.
Why can't you carry the cupboard? Because it is too heavy.
I can't carry the cupboard because______

8. Can you go home now? No, I can't.
Why can't you go home now? Because the bell has not rung.
I can't go home now because_____    

‘Why?’, ‘because’
Exercise 1
Match these sentences with the ones below.
The first one is done for you.
…because I haven't got any money.
…because I haven't got a ladder.
…because there isn't any soap.
…because the water is not hot.
…because my leg is hurt.

1. I can't make tea because the water is not hot.
2. I can't buy the book ____        
3. I can't play football ____         
4. I can't go up the roof       ____
5. I can't wash the cups       ____

‘Why?’, ‘because’
Exercise 2
Match these sentences with the ones below.
…because I have a pencil.
...because I have an umbrella.
…because I have a broom.
…because I am clever enough.
…because I am strong enough.

1. I can sweep the room because I have a broom.
2. I can walk in the rain _____   
3. I can push the car _____         
4. I can draw a picture _____     
5. I can answer the question ______

‘Why?’, ‘because’
Exercise 3
Match these sentences with the ones below.
The first one is done for you.
…because he was not hungry.
…because she was not thirsty.
…because that water was too cold.
…because she had a fever.
…because it was too dear.

1. She did not drink because she was not thirsty.
2. He did not eat _____                           
3. She did not go to school_____                                   
4. He did not buy the pen_____
5. They did not swim_____

‘Why?’, ‘because’
Exercise 4
Match these sentences with the ones below.
The first one is done for you.
…because he missed the bus.
…because he had a toothache.
…because it was ripe.
…because it was her birthday.
…because they wanted some money.

1. They sold their house because they wanted some money.
2. He went to see a dentist ______                   
3. She got a present ______                                            
4. I plucked the mango ______ 
5. He came late to school _____                        

Lesson 4
Adjectives - Predicative & Attributive
Look at Ahmad.
He is carrying a big box.
The big box is made of wood.
What kind of box is Ahmad carrying?
He is carrying a big wooden box.
Is he carrying the small tin box?
No, he isn't.
Where is the small tin box?
The small tin box is on the floor.

This is a table.
It is a round table.
It is not a square table. What shape is the table?
The table is round.
Is your desk round, too?
No, it isn't.
My desk is not round.
My desk is square.

Henry's father has a car.
He is driving his car.
It is an old car. It is not a new car.
What kind of car has Henry's father?
He has an old car.
Has your father got a car, too?
Yes, he has.
Is his car old or new?
His car is new. It isn't old.

Look at the pictures and answer these questions orally.
What is this?
What colour is the dog?
Is it a white dog?
Is it a big or a small dog?

What is this?
What is the box made of?
What shape is the box?
Is it a round box?

What is this?
Is the house new or old?
What is the house built of?
What kind of house is it?

Is this a man or a woman?
Is she a tall woman?
Is she a thin woman?
What kind of woman is she?

Look at the top book. Is it a thick book?
Look at the bottom book. Is it a thin book?       
Which book is thin?
Which book is thick?

Adjectives  - Predicative & Attributive
Exercise 1
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence as shown.
The sun is (square, round).
The sun is round.

The moon is (square, round).
The grass is (blue, green).
The sky is (blue, green).
The coconut-tree is (tall, short).
A ruler is (straight, crooked)
Some apples are (red, white).
The elephant is a (big, small) animal.
The rat is a (big, small) animal.

Adjectives  - Predicative & Attributive
Exercise 2
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence as shown.
Your hands are (clean, dirty). You must wash them.
Your hands are dirty. You must wash them.

The sky is (dark, blue). It's going to rain.
This room is (clean, dirty). Please sweep it.
It's a (cold, hot) day. Switch on the fan.
All nurses wear (black, white) clothes.
This egg is (good, bad). Throw it away.
I like Mei Lin. She is a (happy, sad) girl.
That box is (heavy, light). I can't lift it.
Your hair is (long, short). You must cut it.

Adjectives  - Predicative & Attributive
Exercise 3
Choose the right word. Then write out each sentence as shown.
The postman wears (red, blue) clothes.
The postman wears blue clothes.

We can make tea. The water is (cold, hot).
Ali is (clever, stupid). He is the first boy.
The orange is (sweet, sour). I like it.
I like Mary. She is a (bad, good) girl.
We all like to wear (clean, dirty) clothes.
Most Chinese boys have (black, brown) hair.
This pen is not costly. It is (cheap, dear).
The ceiling is (high, low). I can't touch it

Here is a list of adjectives.
They are opposite in meaning.
Absent – present
Alive – dead
Angry – pleased
Asleep – awake
Back – front
Bad – good
Beautiful – ugly
Big – small
Black – white
Blunt – sharp
Clean – dirty
Clever – stupid
Cold – hot
Dark – bright
Dear – cheap
Deep – shallow
Dry – wet
Early – late
East – west
Empty – full
Fair – dark
Far – near
Fat – thin
Few – many
Fresh – stale
Happy – sad
Hard – soft
Heavy – light
High – low
Kind – cruel
Large – short
Little – much
Long – short
Noisy – quiet
Old – new
Polite – rude
Poor – rich
Quick – slow
Right – left
Rough – smooth
Straight – crooked
Strong – weak
Sweet – sour
Tall – short
Thick – loose
Top – bottom
Wide – narrow
Wild – tame
Wrong – right
Young – old

Adjectives  - Predicative & Attributive
Exercise 4
Fill in the blanks with these words in the box.
New – thin – small – sour - short – cheap – narrow - dirty
This pail is big but that one is_____     
This stick is long but that one is______           
This house is old but that one is______                      
This mango is sweet but that one is______
This book is thick but that one is______                     
This shirt is clean but that one is______
This road is wide but that one is______          
This pen is dear but that one is_______

Adjectives  - Predicative & Attributive
Exercise 5
Fill in the blanks with these words in the box.
Sharp – stupid – wrong – loose – rich – light – ugly – cold
1. Today is hot but yesterday was_____
2. Ali is clever but his sister is______  
3. Mary is beautiful but Betty is______           
4. My father is poor but his father is______
5. Your knife is blunt but mine is______         
6. My answer is right but yours is______        
7. My shirt is tight but my trousers are______
8. The bag is heavy but the basket is______

LESSON 5
Comparison of Adjectives
This is Soon Teck.
He is fourteen years old.
He is tall.
He is a tall boy.

That is Kassim. He is fifteen years old.
He is older than Soon Teck.
He is a tall boy, too.
He is taller than Soon Teck.
Is Kassim older than Soon Teck? Yes, he is.
Is Kassim taller than Soon Teck? Yes, he is.

This is John.
He is sixteen years old.
He is older than Kassim.
He is a very tall boy.
He is taller than Kassim.
Who is older, John or Kassim?
John is older than Kassim.
Who is taller, John or Kassim?
John is taller than Kassim.
Who is the oldest of the three boy.
John is the oldest of the three boy.
Who is the tallest of the three boy.
John is the tallest of the three boy.

There are 32 sentences in these 2 tables.
Read hem aloud.
I am
You are He is Mohan is
taller than Ahmad, older than Henry, bigger than Ah Kow. stronger than Krishnan.

I am You are He is Mohan is
the tallest of the five boys, the oldest of the three boys, the biggest of all the boys, the strongest boy in class.

Finish these sentences orally.
Use the names of other pupils in the blank spaces.
I am taller than _____     
I am shorter than_____
I am bigger than_____
I am smaller than_____
I am darker than_____

Answer these questions orally.
Who is the tallest pupil in your class?
Who is the shortest pupil in your class?
Who is the fattest pupil in your class?
Who is the thinnest pupil in your class?
Who is the strongest pupil in your class?
Who is the weakest pupil in your class?
Who is the cleanest pupil in your class?
Who is the dirtiest pupil in your class?

Here is a list of words.
Try to make sentences with them.
Big – bigger than – the biggest
Black – blacker than – the blackest
Bright – brighter than – the brightest
Cheap – cheaper than – the cheapest
Clean – cleaner than – the cleanest
Clear – clearer than – the clearest
Clever – cleverer than – the cleverest
Cold – colder than – the coldest
Cool – cooler than – the coolest
Dark – darker than – the darkest
Dear – dearer than – the dearest
Deep – deeper than – the deepest
Dirty – dirtier than – the dirtiest
Dry – drier than – the driest
Easy – easier than – the easiest
Fair – fairer than – the fairest
Fast – faster than – the fastest
Fat – fatter than – the fattest
Great – greater than – the greatest
Green – greener than – the greenest
Happy – happier than – the happiest
Hard – harder than – the hardest
Heavy – heavier than – the heaviest
High – higher than – the highest
Hot – hotter than – the hottest
Hungry – hungrier than – the hungriest
Kind – kinder than – the kindest
Large – larger than - the largest
Late – later than – the latest
Lazy – lazier than – the laziest
Light – lighter than – the lightest
Long – longer than – the longest
Low – lower than – the lowest
Narrow – narrower than – the narrowest
Naughty – naughtier than – the naughtiest
Near – nearer than – the nearest
New – newer than – the newest
Nice – nicer than – the nicest
Noisy – noisier than – the noisiest
Old –older than – the oldest
Poor – poorer than – the poorest
Pretty  - prettier than – the prettiest
Quick – quicker than – the quickest
Red – redder than – the reddest
Rich – richer than – the richest
Ripe – riper than – the ripest
Sad – sadder than – the saddest
Shallow – shallow than – the shallowest
Sharp – sharper than – the sharpest
Short – shorter than – the shortest
Slow – slower than – the slowest
Small – smaller than – the smallest
Soon – sooner than – the soonest
Soft – softer than – the softest
Strong – stronger than – the strongest
Sweet – sweeter than – the sweetest
Tall – taller than – the tallest
Thick – thicker than – the thickest
Thin – thinner than – the thinnest
Ugly – uglier than – the ugliest
Warm – warmer than – the warmest
Wet – wetter than – the wettest
White – whiter than – the whitest
Wide - wider than – the widest
Wild – wilder than – the wildest
Young – younger than – the youngest
Afraid – more afraid than – the most afraid
Beautiful – more beautiful than – the most beautiful
Careful – more careful than - the most careful
Foolish – more foolish than – the most foolish
Useful – more useful than – the most useful

Comparison of Adjectives
Exercise 1
Choose the right word. Then write out each sentence as shown.
A man is (shorter, taller) than a boy.
A man is taller than a boy.

1. An elephant is (bigger, smaller) than a rat.
2. A pen is (lighter, heavier) than a desk.
3. The day is (hotter, colder) than the night.
4. You are (older, younger) than your father.
5. Iron is (harder, softer) than wood.
6. A snail is (slower, faster) than a rat.
7. A car is (slower, faster) than a bicycle.
8. A metre is (shorter, longer) than a centimetre
9. A watch is (smaller, bigger) than a clock.
10. Sand is (lighter, heavier) than paper.

Comparison of Adjectives
Exercise 2
Choose the right word. Then write out each sentence as shown.
Ali is the (older, oldest) boy in the class.
Ali is the oldest boy in the class.

John is (fatter, fattest) than Soon Teck.
John is the (fatter, fattest) boy of all.
Today is (hotter, hottest) than yesterday.
Monday was the (hotter, hottest) day of all.
This dog is (bigger, biggest) than that one.
This dog is the (bigger, biggest) of the three.
Mei Lin is (shorter, shortest) than her sister.
Mei Lin is the (shorter, shortest) girl in the family.

Exercise 3
Choose the right word. Then write out each sentence as shown.
I am as (strong, stronger) as Ahmad.
I am as strong as Ahmad.

Ahmad is as (clever, cleverer) as Ah Kow.
Henry is (cleverer, cleverest) than Ahmad.
Henry is the (cleverer, cleverest) boy in the class.
My bag is as (large, larger) as yours.
His bag is (larger, largest) than mine.
His bag is the (larger, largest) of all.
Alice is as (beautiful, more beautiful) as Swee Lan.
Aishah is (more beautiful, most beautiful) than Alice.
Aishah is the (more beautiful, most beautiful) girl of the three.

LESSON 6
Mid-Position Adverbs ‘always’, ‘never’
It is 6 o'clock in the morning.
Henry is getting up.
He gets up at six every morning.
He gets up at six on Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday.
He always gets up at six in the morning.
Does he ever get up at five in the morning?
No, he never gets up at five in the morning.
Does he always get up at six?
Yes, he does.

It is 7 o'clock now.
Henry is going to school.
He goes to school at seven every morning.
He is always early to school. He is never late to school.
Is he always early to school?
Yes, he is.

It is 8 o'clock at night.
Henry is at home now.
He is not at school.
He does not go to school at night.
Does he ever go to school at night?
No, he never goes to school at night.
Does he always go to school in the day?
Yes, he always goes to school in the day.

Read these questions and answers.
Study where Mid-Position Adverbs ‘always’, ‘never’, always' is placed in the sentence.
Was he ever late to school? No, he was never late to school.
Do you always clean your teeth when you get up?
Yes, I always clean my teeth when I get up.
Do you always have bread for breakfast?
Yes, I always have bread for breakfast.
Do we always greet our teacher in the morning?
Yes, we always greet our teacher in the morning.
Do they always play in the evening?
Yes, they always play in the evening.
Does he always wash his hands before he eats?
Yes, he always washes his hands before he eats.
Does she always buy vegetables in that market?
Yes, she always buys vegetables in that market.
Do you ever put on dirty clothes?
No, I never put on dirty clothes.
Do you ever have lunch at 3 o'clock?
No, I never have lunch at 3 o'clock.
Do we ever go to school when we are ill?
No, we never go to school when we are ill.
Do they ever speak Japanese at home?
No, they never speak Japanese at home.
Does he ever forget to bring his book?
No, he never forgets to bring his book.
Does she ever cry when she is hungry?
No, she never cries when she is hungry.

Exercise 1
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence as shown.
We (always, never) sleep in class.
We never sleep in class.

The sun (always, never) shines in the day.
The sun (always, never) shines at night.
We (always, never) go to school on Monday.
We (always, never) go to school on Sunday.
We (always, never) make tea with hot water.
We (always, never) make tea with cold water,
I (always, never) go to school in the day.
I (always, never) go to school at night.

Mid-Position Adverbs ‘always’, ‘never’
Exercise 2
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence as shown.
A baby (always, never) cries when it is hungry.
A baby always cries when it is hungry.

The sun (always, never) rises in the east.
The sun (always, never) rises in the west.
He (always, never) drinks when he is thirsty.
He (always, never) drinks when he is not thirsty
She (always, never) sings when she is happy.
She (always, never) sings when she is sad.
It is (always, never) hot in Malaysia.
It is (always, never) cold in Malaysia.

Mid-Position Adverbs ‘always’, ‘never’
Exercise 3
Rewrite each of these sentences putting in 'always' or 'never' in the correct place.
She sleeps in this room, (always)
She always sleeps in this room.

He goes home in the evening. (always)
He goes home in the afternoon. (never)
She cooks in the morning. (always)
She cooks at night. (never)
The sun sets in the west. (always)
The sun sets in the east. (never)
I do my homework in the afternoon. (always)
I do my homework in the morning. (never)

Mid-Position Adverbs ‘always’, ‘never’
Exercise 4
Rewrite each of these sentences putting in 'always' r 'never' in the correct place.
His shoes are clean. (always)
His shoes are always clean.

His shirt is clean. (always)
His shirt is dirty. (never)
These mangoes are sweet. (always)
These mangoes are sour. (never)
Ahmad is early to school. (always)
Ahmad is late to school. (never)
You must bring your books. (always)
You must leave your books at home. (never)

Mid-Position Adverbs ‘always’, ‘never’
Exercise 5
Turn these statements into questions.
I always work at home.
Do I always work at home?

I always bathe in the river.
I always sit at this desk.
We always learn in our class.
We always work in the garden
You always clean the blackboard.
You always polish your shoes,
They always walk to school.
They always get up early.

Mid-Position Adverbs ‘always’, ‘never’
Exercise 6
Turn these statements into questions.
Leave out the 's' in the word after 'always'.
He always writes with a pen.
Does he always write with a pen?
He always drives his car to work.
He always works with a hammer.
He always draws with a pencil.
He always sings in the bathroom. She always cooks in the kitchen.
She always goes to the market.
She always skips in the garden''
She always speaks English at home.

LESSON 7
Mid-Position Adverbs ‘often’, ‘usually’ and ‘sometimes’
What is Henry doing?
He is swimming in the pool.
He swims on Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday,
He swims four days a week.
How often does he swim?
He swims four times a week.
Does he often swim in the pool?
Yes, he does.

What is Ahmad doing?
He is swimming in the pool, too.
He swims on Monday and Friday.
He swims only two days a week.
How often does he swim?
He swims only twice a week.
Does he often swim in the pool?
No, he sometimes swims in the pool.

It is 9 o'clock in the morning.
Mr Wong is waiting at the bus-stop.
Look! The bus is coming.
The bus usually comes at 9 o'clock.
Yesterday it came at a quarter past nine.
Does the bus always come at 9 o'clock?
No, it doesn't always come at 9 o'clock.
It usually comes at 9 o'clock.

Read these questions and answers.
1. How often do you go to school?
I go to school five days a week.
Do you often go to school?
Yes, I do.

2. How often do you go to the cinema?
I go to the cinema once a week.
Do you often go to the cinema?
No, I sometimes go to the cinema.

3. When do you usually have your breakfast?
I usually have my breakfast at 7 o'clock.
Do you usually have your lunch at 2 o'clock?
No, I usually have my lunch at half past one.



Now answer these questions orally.
How often do you play football?
How often do you go to the market?
How often does your father go to work?
How often does your mother cook?
How often does your teacher teach English?
When do you usually get up?
When do you usually come to school?
When do you usually have your lunch?
When do you usually have your bath?
When do you usually go to bed?
Do you sometimes go to the seaside?
Do you sometimes get wet in the rain?

Exercise 1
Fill in the blanks with 'often' or 'sometimes'.
I eat four times a day. I _____ eat.
I eat four times a day. I often eat.

She dances five times a week. She _____dances.
He comes here twice a week. He   ______ comes here.
She sings four times a week. She  _____ sings.
We learn English once a day. We _____ learn English.
I meet him once a week. I  ______ meet him.
I drink coffee twice a day. I ______ drink coffee.
We go to the seaside once a month. We _____ go to the seaside.
They eat fish five times a week. They ______ eat fish.

Exercise 2
Match these sentences with the ones below. The first one is done for you.
I usually eat two a day.
I usually go to school with him.
I usually give it a bone.
She usually comes late.
He usually comes early.

She is not here. She usually comes late.
He is here. ___________
He is my friend. ________
I like that dog. _________
I like to eat bananas. _______

Exercise 3
Rewrite each of these sentences putting in 'often', 'usually' or 'sometimes' in the correct place.
She goes home by bus. (often)
She often goes home by bus.

He cleans his bicycle. (often)
She wears a new dress. (often)
They play in the garden. (often)
I forget to bring my book. (sometimes)
She writes a letter to me. (sometimes)
We play in the rain. (sometimes)
He goes to work by bus. (usually)
He goes home by train. (usually)

Exercise 4
Turn these statements into questions. Leave out the 's' in the word after 'usually'.
She usually sleeps at 9 o'clock.
Does she usually sleep at 9 o'clock?

He usually comes here at 8 o'clock.
He usually listens to the radio.
He usually wears a big hat.
He usually works late at night.
She usually sells apples and oranges.
She usually goes out in the afternoon.
She usually washes her hair with hot water.
It usually rains in the afternoon.

LESSON 8
Possession
Look at Kassim.
He is riding a bicycle.
Whose bicycle is he riding?
He is riding his bicycle.
The bicycle belongs to him.
It is Kassim's bicycle.

Look at those girls.
They are playing with a ball.
Whose ball are they playing with?
They are playing with their ball.
The ball belongs to them.
It is the girls' ball.

This is my basket.
It is not your basket.
The basket belongs to me.
It does not belong to you.
The basket is mine.
It is not yours.

What is that man doing?
He is painting with a brush.
What is he painting?
I le is painting the leg of the table.
Is he painting the leg of the chair?
No, he is painting the leg of the table.

Read these questions and answers.
This bag belongs to Mei Lin. Whose bag is this? It is Mei Lin's bag.
This cat belongs to Ahmad. Whose cat is this? It is Ahmad's cat.
That house belongs to Rama. Whose house is that? It is Rama's house.
This car belongs to the man. Whose car is this? It is the man's car.
This pen belongs to the teacher. Whose pen is this? It is the teacher's pen.
This tail belongs to the cow. Whose tail is this? It is the cow's tail.

Exercise 1
Rewrite each of these sentences adding in's.
His brother bicycle is blue. His brother's bicycle is blue.

This is Chong Beng pencil.
That is Majid school.
That is Mary mother.
That is the woman basket.
I live in my uncle house.
Her sister friend is here.
Where is the man hat?
I am pulling the cat tail.

Read these questions and answers.
These ducks belong to the farmers. Whose ducks are they? They are the farmers' ducks.
These shoes belong to the boys. Whose shoes are they? They are the boys' shoes.
These books belong to the girls. Whose books are they? They are the girls' books.
Those cars belong to the teachers. Whose cars are they? They are the teachers' cars.
Those baskets belong to the hawkers. Whose baskets are they? They are the hawkers' baskets.
Those toys belong to the babies. Whose toys are they? They are the babies' toys.

Exercise 2
Rewrite each of these sentences adding in (').
The gardeners knives are sharp. The gardeners' knives are sharp.

These are the boys pens. These are the boys’ pens.
Those are the girls shoes.
These are the ladies hats.
Those are the farmers cows.
Those monkeys tails are short.
These birds wings are beautiful.
There are two girls schools along this road.
There are three doctors houses along that road.

Read these questions and answers.
I have a pencil. This is my pencil. Whose pencil is this? It is my pencil.
We have a car. This is our car. Whose car is this? This is our car.
You have a ball. That is your ball. Whose ball is that? It is your ball.
They have a cat. That is their cat. Whose cat is that? It is their cat.
He has a boat. That is his boat. Whose boat is that? It is his boat.
She has an umbrella. That is her umbrella. Whose umbrella is that? It is her umbrella.

Exercise 3
Fill in the blanks with the right words.
They have a house. That is _____ house.
They have a house. That is their house.

I have a monkey. This is _____ monkey.
We have a lorry. This is _____ lorry.     
You have a doll. That is _____ doll.      
They have a boat. That is _____ boat.
He has a bicycle. That is _____bicycle.
She has a dress. That is _____ dress.    
They have a box. That is ____ box.
We have a school. This is _____ school.

Read these questions and answers.
This is my ruler. It is not your ruler.
Is this ruler yours? No, this ruler is mine.
This is our cupboard. It is not your cupboard.
Is this cupboard yours? No, this cupboard is ours.
That is your chair. It is not my chair.
Is that chair mine? No, that chair is yours.
That is their broom. It is not our broom.
Is that broom ours? No, that broom is theirs.
That is his hat. It is not her hat.
Is that hat hers? No, that hat is his.
That is her bag. It is not his bag.
Is that bag his? No, that bag is hers.

Exercise 4
Choose the right word. Then write out each sentence as shown.
This is my umbrella. The umbrella is (mine, yours).
This is my umbrella. The umbrella is mine.

This is my spoon. The spoon is (mine, yours).
This is our tree. The tree is (yours, ours).
That is your shirt. The shirt is (mine, yours).
That is their pail. The pail is (ours, theirs).
That is his bottle. The bottle is (his, hers).
That is her comb. The comb is (his, hers).
These are our books. The books are (theirs, ours).
Those are their shoes. The shoes are (theirs, ours).

Read these questions and answers.
How many legs has a table?
A table has four legs.
What are the legs of a table made of?
The legs of a table are made of wood.

How many hands has a clock?
A clock has two hands.
What are the hands of a clock made of?
The hands of a clock are made of steel.

How many wheels has a bicycle?
A bicycle has two wheels.
What are the wheels of a bicycle made of?
The wheels of a bicycle are made of steel and rubber.

Exercise 5
Finish these sentences as shown.
A pen has a nib. This is ______.            
A pen has a nib. This is the nib of the pen.

A pail has a handle. This is _____.
A knife has a blade. This is _____.
A book has a cover. This is _____.
A bicycle has a lamp. This is _____.
A bottle has a neck. This is _____.
A lock has a key. This is _____.
A clock has two hands. These are ____.
A car has four wheels. These are _____.

LESSON 9
Look at the two girls in the picture.
Look at the two girls in the picture.
One girl is tall.
The other girl is short.
The tall girl is wearing a white dress.
The short girl is wearing a black dress.
Which girl is tall?
The girl in the white dress is tall.
Which girl is short?
The girl in the black dress is short.

Look at the two books in the picture.
One book is thin. The other book is thick.
I he thin book is on the table, the thick book is under the table.
Which book is thin?
I he book on the table is thin.
Which book is thick?
The book under the table is thick.

Look at the two men on the road.
One man is wearing a black songkok.
The other man is wearing a white hat.
One of the men is Ahmad's father.
The other man is Ah Kow's father.
Which man is Ahmad's father?
The man with a black songkok is Ahmad's father.
Which man is Ah Kow's father?
The man with a white hat is Ah Kow's father.

Read the 66 sentences in these 2 tables. Read the aloud.
The pencil in the box (is mine).
The ruler on the desk (is not yours).
The bag under the chair (is not his).
The book with a red cover (is not hers).
The cat with a long tail (is not theirs).
The dog with large ears (is not Ahmad’s)

The books in the cupboard (are ours).
The shoes near the door (are not yours).
The chairs by the window (are not his).
The birds in the cage (are not hers).
The trees without leaves (are not theirs).
The dogs with short tails (are not his/her/ours/theirs)

Answer these questions orally.
Who is the pupil in front of you?
The pupil in front of me is ______,       
Who is the pupil behind you?
The pupil behind me is ______.
Who is the pupil on your left?
The pupil on my left is _____.    
Who is the pupil on your right?
The pupil on my right is ______.           
Who are the pupils in the front row?
The pupils in the front row are ______
Who are the pupils in the back row?
The pupils in the back row are _____.  

Exercise 1
Fill in the blanks with these adjective phrases. The first one is done for you.
with the long tail
with the red roof
with white hair
in the cupboard
in that glass

The milk in that glass is sour.
The house ______ is mine.                     
The books ______ are new.        
The dog ______ is barking.
The old man ______ is Ahmad’s uncle.

Exercise 2
Fill in the blanks with these adjective phrases.
The first one is done for you.
with the broken nib
with the rusty blade
with the blue cover
in your garden
in the yellow dress

The knife with the rusty blade is yours.
The book ______ is cheap.
The pen ______is lost.
The flowers ______ are beautiful.
That woman  _____ is my teacher.

Exercise 3
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence as shown.
The boys in front of me (is, are) talking.
The boys in front of me are talking.

The girl on my left (is, are) quiet.
The girls behind me (is, are) noisy.
The book on the table (is, are) mine.
The books in the bag (is, are) his.
The flower in the vase (is, are) yellow.
The flowers in the garden (is, are) red.
The mango on the plate (is, are) ripe.
The mangoes in the bag (is, are) not ripe.

Exercise 4
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence as shown.
The car by the side of the road (is, are) theirs.
The car by the side of the road is theirs.

The duck under the tree (is, are) mine.
The ducks in the pond (is, are) theirs.
The box on the floor (is, are) old.
The boxes in the cupboard (is, are) new.
The man on the road (is, are) a hawker.
The men in the field (is, are) farmers.
The ruler in my right hand (is, are) short.
The rulers in my left hand (is, are) long.

LESSON 10
Adjective Phrases qualifying the object.

Look at the man.
He is walking with his monkey. Where is the monkey?
It is sitting on the man's shoulders. Look at the monkey.
What kind of tail has it?
It has a long tail.
What kind of monkey has the man?
He has a monkey with a long tail.

Ahmad is in a shop, lie wants to buy an axe.
I he man is showing him an axe.
Ahmad does not like the axe.
I he axe has a short handle.
Ahmad does not like an axe with a short handle.
I le wants an axe with a long handle.
Look at Encik Salleh.
He is talking to a man on the road. He knows the man.

Look at the man carefully.
How many legs has he?
He has only one leg.
Encik Salleh knows the man with one leg.
Do you know the man with one leg?
No, I don't know the man with one leg.

There are many sentences in these tables.
Read them aloud.
Do you know (?)
No, I do not know
Have you ever seen (?)
No, I have never seen

a man with one leg.
a girl with one arm.
a boy with ten fingers.
a woman without hair.
a beggar without legs.
Do you like (?)
Yes, I like
Do you want (?)
Yes, I want
coffee without milk.
fruits without seeds.
flowers with bright colours.
books with pictures in them.
shoes with rubber soles.
books with thick covers.
a pen with a broken nib.
a knife with a broken handle.
a shirt without buttons.
a blouse without a collar.
a bicycle without wheels.
a book without a cover.
a pair of shoes without laces.

Have you got (?)
No, I haven't got
the letter without a stamp.
the pail without a handle.
the box without a lid.
the pen without a nib.
the book without a cover.
the knife without a blade.

 Did you give him (?) Yes, I gave him
Did you show her (?)
Yes, I showed her


Exercise 1
Fill in the blanks with these adjective phrases.
The first one is done for you.
with a gold nib
with a rusty blade
with a black cover
with a long tail
with a narrow neck

I have a knife with a rusty blade.
I have a book ______.      
I have a pen  ______.
I have a cat ______.         
I have a bottle ______.    

Exercise 2
Put these groups of words in the right order.
(I saw) (with one leg) (a man)
I saw a man with one leg.

(I saw) (with three legs) (a table)
(I like) (without milk) (coffee)
(I like) (without seeds) (fruits)
(I have) (with a long tail) (a fish)
(I like) (with big leaves) (trees)
(I know) (with big ears) (the boy)
(with a small blade) (I want) (a knife)
(with pictures in it) (a book) (I showed)

Encik Salleh is standing at the door.
What is he doing?
He is taking a key out of his pocket.
He is going to put the key into the lock.
He is going to turn the key.
Then he is going to open the door.

Now the door is open.
Encik Salleh is walking into the room.
What has Encik Salleh just done?
He has just opened the door.
Who has just opened the door?
Encik Salleh has just opened the door.

Look at the man up the tree.
He wants to pluck a coconut.
He is twisting the coconut.
The coconut is going to fall.
It is going to fall to the ground.

The coconut is on the ground now.
It has just fallen to the ground.
What has the man just done?
He has just plucked the coconut.
Who has just plucked the coconut?
The man has just plucked the coconut.

Learn these words and make sentences with them.
beat
has just beaten

bend
has just bent

bile
has just bitten

blow
has just blown

break
has just broken

bring
has just brought

bum
has just burnt

buy
has just bought

catch
has just caught

come
has just come

dig
has just dug

do
has just done

draw
has just drawn

drink
has just drunk

cat
has just eaten

fall
has just fallen

light
has just fought

I'ind
has just found

fly
has just flown

Ibrget
has just forgotten

get
has just got

give
has just given

go
has just gone

hear
has just heard

hide
has just hidden

keep
has just kept

I know
has just known

I leave
has just left

I lose
has just lost

make
has just made
meet
has just met
pay
has just paid
ride
has just ridden
ring
has just rung
rise
has just risen
run
has just run
say
has just said
see
has just seen
sell
has just sold
send
has just sent
shake
has just shaken
shine
has just shone
shoot
has just shot
show
has just shown
sing
has just sung
sit
has just sat
sleep
has just slept
speak
has just spoken
stand
has just stood
steal
has just stolen
swim
has just swum
take
has just taken
teach
has just taught
tear
has just torn
tell
has just told
throw
has just thrown
wear
has just worn
write
has just written
Exercise 1
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence.
He has just (break, broken) the glass.
She has just (taken, take) her shoes.
The dog has just (bit, bitten) the man.
I have just (write, written) the letter.
You have just (found, find) a ring.
They have just (close, closed) the gate.
We have just (seen, see) a tiger.
I have just (washed, wash) the cups.

Exercise 2
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence as shown.
They (have, has) just gone to school.
They have just gone to school.

I (has, have) just locked the door.
We (has, have) just heard a story.
He (has, have) just torn his trousers.
She (has, have) just drawn the picture.
They (has, have) just sold their house.
We (has, have) just caught a bird.
She (has, have) just come home from school It (has, have) just started to rain.

Exercise 3
Use the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
I have just (eat) an apple.
I have just eaten an apple.

I have just (buy) a bicycle.
We have just (do) our work.
She has just (leave) the house.
The bell has just (ring).
Miss Goh has just (teach) the lesson.
He has just (throw) the book away.
The dog has just (jump) over the fence.
I have just (read) the newspaper.

Exercise 4
Turn these statements into questions.
She has just seen the picture.
Has she just seen the picture?

He has just stolen the key.
She has just drunk the milk.
I have just brought the box.
We have just made a kite.
They have just carried the bag.- They have just won the game.
The bird has just flown away.
The wind has just blown the house down.

Exercise 5
Make these sentences negative by putting in 'not'
I have sent the letter.
I have not sent the letter.

I have spent all my money.
I have heard the story before.
They have shot the tiger.
We have finished our work.
He has sung the song before.
She has grown taller since last year.
The boys have come home after school.
The men have cut the tree down.

LESSON 12
‘Some’, ‘Any’, ‘None’ + ‘of the’ with countables and mass-nouns
There are some apples on the table.
Can you count the apples? Yes, I can.
How many apples are there on the table?
There are six apples on the table.
Are there any oranges on the table?
No, there aren't any oranges on the table.

There is some water in the bottle.
Can you count water? No, I can't.
How much water is there in the bottle?
There is some water in the bottle.
Is there any ink in the bottle?
No, there isn't any ink in the bottle.

There are many ducks in this picture.
What are they doing?
Some of the ducks are swimming in the pond.
Some of the ducks are walking near the pond.
Are any of the ducks sleeping?
No, none of the ducks are sleeping.

That shirt is dirty.
There is some ink on the shirt.
Some of the ink is on the collar.
Some of the ink is on the pocket.
Is there any ink on the buttons?
No, there isn't any ink on the buttons.

There are many sentences in these tables.
Read them aloud.
Are there any (?)
Yes, there are some
No, there aren't any
 flowers in the garden.
 books in the cupboard.
 horses on the farm.
 I girls in the room.

Is there any (?)
Yes, there is some
No, there isn't any
 water in the pail.
 ink in the bottle.
 sand on the floor.
 rice in the bag.

Some of the apples Some of the mangoes Some of the cakes
Some of the eggs
 are on the plate.
 are on the chair.
 are in the  basket.
 are in the box.

Some of the milk
Some of the sand
Some of the water
Some of the sugar
 is in the bottle.
 is in the tin.
 is in the pail.
 is in the glass.

None of the boys
None of the girls
None of the men
None of the children
 are dancing in the room.
 are working in the field.
 are swimming in the pond.
 are riding in the car.

None of the salt
None of the sugar
None of the tea
 is in the bowl.
 is in the cup.
 is in the glass.

Exercise 1
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence as shown.
There (is, are) some ink in the bottle.
There is some ink in the bottle.

There (is, are) some chalk in the box.
There (is, are) some eggs in the basket.
There (is, are) some sand on the floor.
There (is, are) some girls in the room.
There (is, are) some rice in the bag.
There (is, are) some trees in the garden.
There (is, are) some pictures on the wall.
There (is, are) some dust on your table.

Exercise 2
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence as shown.
Some of the girls (is, are) singing in the room.
Some of the girls are singing in the room.

Some of the boys (is, are) swimming in the pool.
Some of the chalk (is, are) in the box.
Some of the dogs (is, are) barking on the road
Some of the sugar (is, are) in the bowl.
Some of the books (is, are) in the cupboard.*
Some of the bread (is, are) in the tin.
Some of the flour (is, are) in the sack.
Some of the oranges (is, are) in the basket.

Exercise 3
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence as shown.
None of the horses (is, are) on the farm.
None of the horses are on the farm.

None of the books (is, are) in the cupboard,
None of the bread (is, are) on the shelf.
None of the mangoes (is, are) in the bag.
None of the milk (is, are) in the bottle.
None of the men (is, are) at the gate.
None of the rats (is, are) in the room.
None of the ice (is, are) in the box.
None of the mud (is, are) on your shoes.

Exercise 4
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence as shown.
There isn't (some, any) tea in the pot.
There isn't any tea in the pot.

There is (some, any) salt in the soup.
There isn't (some, any) salt in the bowl.
There is (some, any) bread in the cupboard.
There isn't (some, any) bread on the table.
There is (some, any) water in the well.
There isn't (some, any) water on the floor.
There is (some, any) dirt on your shoes.
There isn't (some, any) dirt on your shirt.

Exercise 5
Turn these statements into questions.
You must I 'member to change 'some' into 'any'.
There are some boxes on the floor.
Are there any boxes on the floor?

None of the books (is, are) in the cupboard.
None of the bread (is, are) on the shelf.
None of the mangoes (is, are) in the bag.
None of the milk (is, are) in the bottle.
None of the men (is, are) at the gate.
None of the rats (is, are) in the room.
None of the ice (is, are) in the box.
None of the mud (is, are) on your shoes.

Exercise 6
Make these sentences negative by putting in /not/.
You must remember to change 'some' into 'any'.
There are some birds in the sky.
There are not any birds in the sky.

There are some nails in the box.
There are some cakes in the tin.
There are some rulers under the chair.
There are some cars on the road.
There are some women in the hall.
There are some fishes in the river.
There are some goats near the fence.
There are some toys in the shop.

LESSON 13
‘Many’, ‘Both’, ‘All’, ‘Any’+ ‘of the’ with countables and mass-nouns
There are a lot of children at the bus-stop.
All of them are waiting for the bus.
None of them are waiting for the train.
Many of the children are boys.
Only two of them are girls.
Both the girls have black hair.
Both of them are talking together.
Both of them are wearing black skirts.
Are any of the boys wearing skirts?
No, none of the boys are wearing skirts.
All boys do not wear skirts. They wear trousers. Many of the boys are wearing short trousers. Only two of the boys are wearing long trousers. Both the boys in long trousers are tall.
Both of them are wearing white trousers, too. Are any of the boys wearing hats?
No, none of the boys are wearing hats.
Are any of the girls wearing hats?
No, none of the girls are wearing hats.
All of the children are not wearing hats.

There are many sentences in these tables.
Read them aloud.
Both of the boys
Many of the boys
None of the girls
 are singing in the hall.
 are playing in the rain.
 are digging in the garden.
 are shouting on the road.
 are pushing the car.
 are pulling the rope.

All of the girls
All of the women
None of the boys
None of the men
 are cooking in the kitchen.  
 are sewing in the room.
 are going to the market.
 are washing the clothes.
 are dancing in the hall.

Both of All of
 my books are blue.
 your  pens are red.
 his pencils are  green.
 her shoes are white.
 our boxes are empty.

Are any of the books (?) None of the books are Many of the books are
All of the books are
 yours.
 mine.
 his.
 theirs.

Is any of the milk (?)
None of the milk is
Is any of the sugar (?) None of the sugar is
 in the bottle, in the cup.
 in the glass, in the bowl.

Exercise 1
Match these answers with the questions. The first one is done for you.
None of the boys are at home.
Both of the boxes are on the floor.
Many of the cups are in the kitchen.
All of the books are in the bag.
None of the milk is in the bottle.

Are any of the books in the bag?  
All of the books are in the bag.

Are any of the boxes on the floor?           
Are any of the cups in the kitchen?         
Are any of the boys at home?
Is any of the milk in the bottle?               

Exercise 2
Choose the right word. Then write out each sentence as shown.
All of the books are mine. None of them are (mine, yours).
All of the books are mine. None of them are yours.

All of the shoes are mine. None of them are (mine, yours).
All of the tins are yours. None of them are (mine, yours).
All of the flowers are hers. None of them are (his, hers). I
All of the marbles are his. None of them are (his, hers).
All of the chairs are ours. None of them are (ours, theirs).
All of the boxes are theirs. None of them are (ours, theirs).
All of the coffee is mine. None of it is (mine, yours).
All of the sugar is yours. None of it is (mine, yours).

Exercise 3
Fill in the blank spaces as shown. Begin with 'Both of'.
I have two books. ____my ____ are blue.
I have two books. Both of my books are blue.

I have two cats. ____ my ____ are white.
I have two pens. _____ my ____ are red.
We have two dogs. _____ our _____ are clever.
They have two cars. _____ their ______are big.
He has two shirts. ____ his _____ are blue.
He has two bags. _____ his _____ are green.
She has two knives. _____ her ____ are sharp.
She has two pencils. _____ her ____ are long.

Exercise 4
Fill in the blank spaces as show.
Begin with ‘All of’.
They have many ducks. ____ their _____ are fat.
They have many ducks. All of their ducks are fat.

They have many flowers. _____ their _____ are beautiful.
They have many mangoes. _____ their _____ are sweet.
I have many books. _____ my ____ are old.
I have many pencils. _____ my ____ are short.
She has many cups. _____ her _____ are clean.
He has many belts. _____ his _____ are made of leather.
He has many knives. ____ his ____ are made of steel.

LESSON 14
Adjective Clauses with ‘who’, ‘which’
Look at the tiger.
It is dead on the ground.
There is a man standing beside it.
He is the man who killed the tiger.
The man is holding a gun.
The man who killed the tiger is holding a gun.

Cik Salmah is talking to a woman.
She knows that woman. Who is that woman?
That is the woman who sells vegetables.
Cik Salmah is talking to the woman who sells vegetables.
Do you know that woman who sells vegetables?
No, I don't know that woman who sells vegetables.

Look at that cat. What has it done?
It has caught a rat.
Whose cat is it? It is Aishah's cat.
The cat belongs to Aishah.
The cat which caught the rat belongs to Aishah.

Last night the rat ate the cheese.
That is the rat which ate the cheese.
Aishah's cat caught the rat which ate the cheese.
The cat which belongs to Aishah caught the rat which ate the cheese last night.

There are many sentences in these tables.
Read them aloud.
This
is
the
man
 who
killed the snake.
This
is
the
boy
 who
stole the bag.
This
is
the
woman
 who
broke the glass.
This
is
the
girl
 who
opened the gate.
This
is
the
man
 who
killed the snake.
This
is
the
boy
 who
stole the bag.
This
is
the
woman
 who
broke the glass.
This
is
the
girl
 who
opened the gate.
That
is
the
pen
 (which) I bought.
That
is
the
watch
 (which) I lost.
That
is
the
cup
 (which) I found.
That
is
the
glass
 (which) I want.

Study these sentences.
This is the man. He sells fish.
This is the man who sells fish.

This is the woman. She sells vegetables.
This is the woman who sells vegetables.

This is the dog. It bit the boy.
This is the dog which bit the boy.

This is the snake. It ate the goat.
This is the snake which ate the goat.

This is the pen. Ahmad found the pen.
This is the pen which Ahmad found.

Exercise 1
Fill in the blanks with 'who' or 'which'.
That is the boy _______ broke the window.
That is the boy who broke the window.

This is the woman ______ washes our clothes.
That is the man ______ brings our bread.
This is the cat ______ walked on the roof.
This is the bird ______ I caught yesterday.
That is the boy ______ threw the stone.
That is the girl ______ sang last night.
This is the book _____ he lent me.        
This is the ring ______ Ahmad found. 

Exercise 2
Fill in the blanks with 'who' or 'which'.
The knife _______ I found was rusty.
The knife which I found was rust

The axe _____ I used was blunt.
The bird _____ flew away was beautiful.
The boy _____ spoke to you is my friend.
The girl _____ brought the book knows me.
The men ____ stole the radio ran away.
The book _____ you lent me was torn.
The dog ____ bit the man was mad.
The postman _____ passed by lives near my house.

Exercise 3
Join these sentences using 'who'.
Leave out the words in bold.
This is the boy. He stole my shoes.
This is the boy who stole my shoes.

This is the man. He killed the snake.
This is the girl. She sang the song.
This is the boy. He ate the cheese.
This is the woman. She washes clothes.
This is the doctor. He spoke to me.
This is the policeman. He caught the thief.
This is the nurse. She works there.
This is the postman. He brought the letter.

Exercise 4
Join these sentences using 'which'.
Leave out the words in bold.
This is the box. It is heavy.
This is the box which is heavy.

This is the pen. It writes well.
This is the cat. It ate the fish.
This is the tiger. It killed the man.
This is the book. It has many picture
This is the lizard. It has lost its tail.
This is the dog. The dog ran away.
This is the bag. I like the bag.
This is the car. He bought the car.

LESSON 15
Adjective Clauses with ‘that’, ‘whom’, ‘whose’
This is Encik Salleh's house.
He built this house.
This is the house Encik Salleh built.
Which is the house that Encik Salleh built?
This is the house that Encik Salleh

Look at that snake.
What is it doing? It is sleeping.
It has just eaten a hen.
That is the snake that has just eaten a hen.
The snake that has just eaten a hen is sleeping.

This is a beggar.
Look at him. He has only one leg.
Ahmad saw this beggar yesterday.
This is the beggar whom Ahmad saw yesterday.
The beggar whom Ahmad saw yesterday has only one leg.

Look at those two boys.
One of them is crying.
He is crying because his dog is dead.
Which of the two boys is crying?
The boy whose dog is dead is crying

Adjective Clauses with ‘that’, ‘whom’, ‘whose’
There are many sentences in these tables.
Read them aloud.
This is the pen
This is the bag
Those are the books
Those are the rulers
 (that) I want.
 (that) I like.
 (that) I bought.
 (that) I lost yesterday.

This is the cat
This is the dog
This is the goat

 that drank the milk.
 that broke the bottle.
 that chased the duck.
 that died last night.

This is the man
This is the woman
This is the boy
This is the girl
 (whom) I met yesterday,
 (whom) I saw just now.
 to whom I spoke.
 with whom I sat
This is the boy
This is the girl
This is the man
This is the woman


 whose bag was lost.
 whose house was burnt.
 whose car was stolen.
 whose brother I know.


Study these sentences.
This is the kite. I made the kite.
This is the kite that I made.

This is the cow. The cow kicked the man.
This is the cow that kicked the man.

This is the girl. I met the girl yesterday.
This is the girl whom I met yesterday.

This is the woman. Her child was lost.
This is the woman whose child was lost.

Exercise 1
Fill in the blanks with 'that' or 'whose'.
This is the girl _____ brother I know.
This is the girl whose brother I know.

This is the car  __________ his father bought.
This is the boy __________ father is a doctor.
This is the pail __________ has no handle.
This is the bag __________ you gave me.
This is the girl ___________ bicycle was lost.
This is the dog __________ bit the cat.
This is the man _________ wife is a teacher.
This is the book _________ you put in the bag.

Exercise 2
Fill in the blanks with 'that' or 'whose'.
This is the cat _______ ate the fish.
This is the cat that ate the fish.

This is the rat _______ ate the cheese.                                    
This is the man ______ son is my friend.
This is the knife ______ he used.                                    
This is the bird      _______ flew away.
This is the girl ______   father was killed.
This is the girl _____ brother I know.
This is the boy _____ bag was stolen.          
This is the box _____ you threw away.

Exercise 3
Match these sentences with the ones below.
The first one is done for you.
This is the girl with whom I sat.
This is the woman with whom I work.
This is the man to whom I spoke.
This is the boy with whom I play football. This is the man to whom I gave the book.

I spoke to this man. This is the man to whom I spoke.
I work with this woman. _____________
I sat with this girl. _______________          
I gave the book to this man. ____________ 
I play football with this boy. _________________

Exercise 4
Join these sentences using 'whose'.
Leave out the words in bold.
This is the girl. Her bag was stolen.
This is the girl whose bag was stolen.

This is the man. His dog is fierce.
This is the woman. Her bag was lost.
This is the boy. His father is a hawker.
This is the girl. Her sister is a nurse.
This is the boy. His tooth fell out.
This is the girl. Her house was burnt down
This is the woman. Her son was killed.
This is the boy. His sister is my teacher.

LESSON 16
Simple Past Tense
Today is Monday. Yesterday was Sunday. Yesterday Henry got up at 8 o'clock. He washed his face and cleaned his teeth before he had his breakfast. Then he put on his shoes and went out to play. He played football at 9 o'clock yesterday morning. He went home at ten o'clock. He had his lunch at 1 o'clock in the afternoon.

What day was yesterday?
Yesterday was Sunday.

At what time did Henry get up yesterday?
He got up at 8 o'clock.

Did he get up at 7 o'clock yesterday?
No, he did not get up at 7 o'clock.

What did he do before he had his breakfast?
He washed his face and cleaned his teeth.

What did he do at 9 o'clock yesterday?
He played football at 9 o'clock yesterday.

At what time did he go home?
He went home at 10 o'clock.

What did he do at 1 o'clock?
He had his lunch at 1 o'clock.

Learn these words and make sentences with them.
Present – Past – Past (negative)
make – made – did not make
meet – met – did not meet
pay – paid – did not pay
ride – rode – did not ride
ring – rang – did not ring
rise – rose – did not rise
run – ran – did not run
say – said – did not say
see – saw – did not see
sell – sold – did not sell
send – sent – did not send
shake – shook – did not shake
shine – shone – did not shine
shoot – shot – did not shoot
show – showed - did not show
sing – sang – did not sing
sit – sat – did not sit
sleep – slept – did not sleep
speak – spoke – did not speak
stand – stood – did not stand
steal – stole – did not steal
swim – swam – did not swim
take – took – did not take
teach – taught – did not teach
tear – tore – did not tear
tell – told – did not tell
throw – threw - did not throw
Wear – wore - did not wear
Write – wrote – did not write
add – added – did not add
arrive – arrived – did not arrive
carry – carried – did not carry
clean – cleaned – did not clean
close – closed – did not close
cry – cried – did not cry
dance – danced – did not dance
die – died – did not die
drop – dropped – did not drop
kick – kicked – did not kick
knock – knocked – did not knock
jump – jumped – did not jump
laugh – laughed – did not laugh
live – lived – did not live
lock – locked – did not lock
look – looked – did not look
open – opened – did not open
pick – picked – did not pick
point – pointed – did not point
play – played – did not play
pull – pulled – did not pull
rub – rubbed - did not rub
skip – skipped - did not skip
stop – stopped - did not stop
touch – touched - did not touch
talk – talked - did not talk
tie – tied - did not tie
use – used - did not use
walk – walked - did not walk
wait – waited - did not wait
wash – washed - did not wash
cut – cut - did not cut
hit – hit - did not hit
put – put - did not put
read – read - did not read
shut – shut - did not shut

Exercise 1
Write out each sentence as shown.
The bus _____ (stop) here a minute ago.
The bus stopped here a minute ago. (stopped)

Kim Seng ______ (fall) down yesterday. (fell)
Alice _____ (drop) the bag just now.  (dropped)
You ______ (open) the windows yesterday. (opened)
I ______ (shut) the doors last night. (shut)
He ______ (walk) to school yesterday. (walked)
She ______  (write) a letter yesterday. (wrote)

Exercise 2
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence.
He (swims, swam) in the pond yesterday.
He swam in the pond yesterday.

She (shows, showed) me the book just now.
He (saw, sees) an elephant yesterday.
I (wash, washed) the cups an hour ago.
They (go, went) to the circus yesterday.
She (told, tells) me the story yesterday.
We (drink, drank) coffee last evening.
Ali (made, makes) a kite yesterday.
The boys (come, came) here last week.

Exercise 3
Write out each sentence as shown.
He ______ (take) the box yesterday.
He took the box yesterday.

Our cat _____         (catch) a rat last night.
He _____ (run) up the hill yesterday.
She ______ (break) the glass just now.
He ______ (sell) his car last week.
I ______ (draw) this picture an hour ago.
Samad ______ (lose) his pen yesterday.
My father _______ (buy) a dog yesterday.
Tom ______ (cut) his finger last evening.

Exercise 4
Write out these sentences beginning with 'Yesterday'.
Every day I walk to school.
Yesterday I walked to school.

Every day I get up early.
Every day I drink coffee.
Every day I go to school.
Every day I write in my book.
Every day I draw on the blackboard.
Every day I have bread for breakfast.
Every day I wash the plates.
Every day I shut the windows.

Exercise 5
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence.
He did not (went, go) to school yesterday.
He did not go to school yesterday.

He did not (brought, bring) his book yesterday.
He did not (locked, lock) the door yesterday.
She did not (draw, drew) the picture yesterday.
She did not (go, went) to the market yesterday.
They did not (rode, ride) in the bus yesterday.
We did not (eat, ate) any durians yesterday.
We did not (bought, buy) anything yesterday.
I did not (slept, sleep) on the bed yesterday.

Exercise 6
Make these sentences negative by putting in 'not'.
They sold their car.
They did not sell their car.

They went home.  (did not go)
He took the bag.  (did not take)
She made the dress.  (did not make)
I tore the book.  (did not tear)
We caught a rat.  (did not catch)
She brought a box.   (did not bring)
It rained yesterday. (did not rain)
I broke the window. (did not break)

Exercise 7
Turn these statements into questions.
The words in the brackets will help you to do this exercise.
They sold their car.
Did they sell their car?

They went home. Did ______ (go)
He took the bag. Did _____ (take)
She made the dress. Did _____ (make)
I tore the book. Did _____ (tear)
We caught a rat. Did _____ (catch)
She brought a box. Did _____ (bring)
It rained yesterday. Did _____ (rain)
I broke the window. Did _____ (break)

LESSON 17
Modal ‘can’ with ‘see’, ‘hear’, ‘read’, etc.
Look at Ahmad's eyes.
Are they open or closed?
They are open Ahmad is looking at the picture on the wall.
He can see the picture on the wall.
He can see because his eyes are open.
Can you see Ahmad and the picture? Yes, I can.

Ahmad is closing his eyes now.
He is covering them with his hands.
Can he see the picture on the wall?
No, he can't. He cannot see the picture.
Why can't he see the picture?
He can't see the picture because his eyes are closed.

Look at this man.
He cannot see. He is blind.
A blind man cannot see anything.
Are you blind? No, I am not.
Can a blind man see.
No, he can't.

Look at Henry. He wants to lift the box.
Can he lift the box? No, he can't.
The box is too heavy for Henry to lift.
Why can't Henry lift the box?
He can't lift the box because it is too heavy.

There are 36 sentences in this table.
Read them aloud.
I can We can He can She can They can You can
see two birds on that branch.
hear the train coming.
read the words on the blackboard.
touch the top of the cupboard.
pull the cart up the hill.
climb up the roof without a ladder.

Answer these questions orally.
Can you sing?
Can you swim?
Can you read?
Can you write a letter?
Can you speak Japanese?
Can you see any pictures on the wall?
How many pictures can you see on the wall?
Can you stand on your hands?
Can you lift that cupboard?
Can you carry your chair?
Can you touch the ceiling?
Can a bird fly? Can it swim?
Can a duck swim? Can it fly?
Can a monkey climb? Can it swim?
Can a fish swim? Can it climb?
Can your father drive a car?
Can your mother cook an egg?
Can you drive a car?
Can you ride a bicycle?
Can you bake a cake?

Exercise 1
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence.
Kassim is strong. He (can, cannot) carry the box.
Kassim is strong. He can carry the box.

Ah Seng is clever. He (can, cannot) answer the question
Ah Tong is not clever. He (can, cannot) answer the question.
This table is light. I (can, cannot) lift it.
That table is heavy. I (can, cannot) lift it.
The water is hot. We (can, cannot) make some tea.
The water is cold. We (can, cannot) make any tea.
It is raining. They (can, cannot) go out to play.
It is not raining. They (can, cannot) go out to play.

Exercise 2
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence.
I have no axe. I (can, cannot) cut the tree down.
 I have no axe. I cannot cut the tree down.

There is no water. We (can, cannot) wash the floor.
There is some water. We (can, cannot) wash the floor.
I have a broom. I (can, cannot) sweep the room.
I have no broom. I (can, cannot) sweep the room.
She has a knife. She (can, cannot) cut the cake.
She has no knife. She (can, cannot) cut the cake.
There is some ink. You (can, cannot) fill up your pen.
There is no ink. You (can, cannot) fill up your pen.

Exercise 3
Make these sentences negative by putting in /not/.
Krishnan can write a letter.
Krishnan cannot write a letter.

Mary can sew a dress.
John can make a kite.
He can wake up at 6 o'clock.
She can go home at 5 o'clock.
I can speak English and Japanese.
We can play in the garden.
That woman can drive a car.
Those men can build a house in a week.

Exercise 4
Write short answers to these questions.
Begin your answers with 'Yes' and then with 'No'.
Can you cook an egg? Yes _____ No, _____.  
Can you cook an egg? Yes, I can. No, I can't.

Can you carry that box? Yes, _____ No, _____
Can he build a boat? Yes, _____ No, ______
Can she see that birds? Yes, _____ No, _____
Can they hear anything? Yes, _____ No, ______
Can we read this line? Yes, ____ No, _____
Can you start a fire? Yes, ____ No, _____
Can Ahmad write a letter? Yes, _____ No, _____

Can Aishah come home early? Yes, ____ No, _____

LESSON 18
‘Can’ + verb + ‘with’ + instrument

What has Henry got?
He has a knife.
What can he do with the knife?
He can cut the stick with the knife.
Can he cut the stick without the knife?
No, he cannot cut the stick without the knife.

What has Ahmad got? He has a brush.
What can he do with the brush?
He can paint the wall with the brush.
Can he paint the wall without the brush?
No, he can't paint it without the brush.

What has Alice got? She has a pair of scissors.
What can she do with the pair of scissors
She can cut the cloth with the pair of scissors.
Can she cut the cloth without the pair of scissors?
No, she can't cut the cloth without the pail of scissors.

What has Swee Lan got? She has a piece of string.
What can she do with the piece of string?
She can tie the sack with the piece of string.
Can she tie the sack without the piece of string?
No, she can't tie the sack without the piece of string.

Read these questions and answers.
What can you do with a brush?
I can paint with a brush.

Can you paint without a brush?
No, I can't paint without a brush.

What can you do with a pen?
I can write with a pen.

Can you write without a pen?
No, I can't write without a pen.

What can you do with a comb?
I can comb my hair with a comb.

Can you comb your hair without a comb?
No, I can't comb my hair without a comb.

What can you do with a piece of chalk?
I can write on the blackboard with a piece of chalk.

Can you write on the blackboard without a piece of chalk?
No, I can't write on the blackboard without a piece of chalk.

What can you do with a hammer?
I can knock a nail in with a hammer.

Can you knock a nail in without a hammer?
No, I can't knock a nail in without a hammer.

What can you do with a toothbrush?
I can clean my teeth with a toothbrush.

Can you clean your teeth without a toothbrush?
No, I can't clean my teeth without a toothbrush.

Exercise 1
Match these lines with the sentences below.
The first one is done for you.
with a ladder
with a needle
with a stick
with a rope
with an axe

She can sew the button on with a needle.
I can go up the roof ______        
He can pull the car _______
They can cut the tree down ______
He can pluck the mango ______           

Exercise 2
Match these lines with the sentences below.
The first one is done for you.
without any bricks
without a pail
without a boat
without a glass
without a cangkul

She cannot drink the milk without a glass.
They cannot carry any water _____       
I cannot dig a hole ______         
We cannot build the house ______      
He cannot go across the river ______

Exercise 3
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence.
He cannot shoot the tiger (with, without) a gun.
He cannot shoot the tiger without a gun.

He can kill the snake (with, without) a long knife.
He cannot kill the snake (with, without) a long knife.
He can catch the fish (with, without) a net.
He cannot catch the fish (with, without) a net.
She can sweep the room (with, without) a broom.
She cannot sweep the room (with, without) a broom.
We can open the door (with, without) the key.
We cannot open the door (with, without) the key.

Exercise 4
Make these sentences negative.
Change 'with' into without' as shown.
I can smell with my nose. I cannot ___________    
I can smell with my nose. I cannot smell without my nose.

I can see with my eyes. I cannot ______          
I can hear with my ears. I cannot______
I can walk with my legs. I cannot _____          
I can draw with a brush. I cannot _____          
I can sleep with a pillow. I cannot            ______
I can write with a pen. I cannot ______           
I can cut things with a knife. I cannot _____
I can buy things with money. I cannot ______

LESSON 19
Today is Sunday.
What day will tomorrow be?
Tomorrow will be Monday.
Tomorrow Henry will get up early in the morning.
He will wash his face and clean his teeth.
Then he will have his breakfast and go to school.

Ah Kow: School will close next Friday. Then the holidays will begin.  What will you do during the holidays?
Ahmad: I shall go to my uncle's house.  I shall stay there during the holidays.  My uncle will take me fishing.  We shall catch a lot of fish.  I shall come home two weeks later.

It is half past one in the afternoon.
Ahmad has just come home from school.
He is very hungry. He wants to eat.
He is going to have his lunch.
What is he going to do after his lunch?
He is going to wash his plate after his lunch.
What is he going to do next?
He is going to have his bath.
Then he is going to sleep for a while.


LESSON 19
Future Tense + ‘going to’ of intention

Today is Sunday.
What day will tomorrow be?
Tomorrow will be Monday.
Tomorrow Henry will get up early in the morning.
He will wash his face and clean his teeth.
Then he will have his breakfast and go to school.

Ah Kow: School will close next Friday. Then the holidays will begin. What will you do during the holidays?
Ahmad: I shall go to my uncle's house. I shall stay there during the holidays. My uncle will take me fishing. We shall catch a lot of fish. I shall come home two weeks later.

It is half past one in the afternoon.
Ahmad has just come home from school.
He is very hungry. He wants to eat.
He is going to have his lunch.
What is he going to do after his lunch?
He is going to wash his plate after his lunch.
What is he going to do next?
He is going to have his bath.
Then he is going to sleep for a while.

There are many sentences in these tables.
Read them aloud.


I
We

 shall dean the house tomorrow.
 shall bake a cake tomorrow afternoon.
 shall ride in a train tomorrow evening.
 shall swim at the seaside next Sunday.






I am
We are
 going to clean the house tomorrow.
 going to bake a cake tomorrow afternoon.
 going to ride in a train tomorrow evening.
 going to swim at the seaside next Sunday.

He
She
They
You
  will clean the house tomorrow.
  will bake a cake tomorrow afternoon.
  will ride in a train tomorrow evening.
  will swim at the seaside next Sunday.
  will dance in the hall at 5 o’clock.

He is
She is
They are
You are

 going to clean the house tomorrow,
 going to bake a cake tomorrow afternoon.
 going to ride in a train tomorrow evening.
 going to swim at the seaside next Sunday.
 going to dance in the hall at 5 o'clock.

I shall be
We shall be
He will be
She will be
They will be
You will be

  eleven years old next year.
  eleven years old in June.
  eleven years old in May.
  eleven years old in August.
  eleven years old in September.
  eleven years old in December.



Exercise 1
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence as shown.
I (shall, will) be ten years old next year.
I shall be ten years old next year.

He (shall, will) be nine years old next year.
She (shall, will) be ten years old next year.
I (shall, will) be eleven years old next year.
We (shall, will) be twelve years old next year.
He (shall, will) be nine years old in January.
They (shall, will) be ten years old in November.
You (shall, will) be twelve years old in July.
We (shall, will) be eleven years old in March.

Exercise 2
Choose the right word.
Then write out each sentence as shown.
He (shall, will) go to Singapore next week.
He will go to Singapore next week.

He (shall, will) visit his uncle tomorrow.
She (shall, will) buy the book tomorrow.
I (shall, will) play football tomorrow evening.
We (shall, will) wash the clothes tomorrow afternoon
They (shall, will) build a boat next week.
You (shall, will) ride in the train tomorrow.
We (shall, will) work in the garden on Sunday.
I (shall, will) bring my book tomorrow morning.

Exercise 3
Mwrite these sentences using 'going to' instead of •hair.
I shall paint the wall tomorrow. I am _____   
I am going to paint the wall tomorrow.

I shall write a letter tomorrow. I am _____     
I shall buy a hat tomorrow. I am _____
We shall wash the car tomorrow. We are _____         
We shall cut the tree down tomorrow. We are   _____
I shall clean my bicycle tomorrow. I am  _____
I shall bring the bag tomorrow. I am _____    
We shall play at the seaside tomorrow. We are _____          
We shall watch the game tomorrow. We are _____   

Exercise 4
Rewrite these sentences using 'going to' instead of will'.
He will tell us a story tomorrow. He is _____
He is going to tell us a story tomorrow.

He will see a doctor tomorrow. He is _____    
He will make a kite tomorrow. He is ______  
She will sing a song tomorrow. She is ______
She will lock the cupboard tomorrow. She is _____              
They will play hockey tomorrow. They are _____      
They will shoot the tiger tomorrow. They are _____             
You will drive the car tomorrow. You are _____                     
You will show me your book tomorrow. You are _____        

Exercise 5
Turn these statements into questions.
I shall go to Penang next week.
Shall I go to Penang next week?

I shall see a dentist tomorrow.
I shall buy a pen tomorrow.
We shall swim in the pool tomorrow.
He will bring the letter tomorrow.
She will wake up early tomorrow.
They will burn the rubbish tomorrow.
You will know the answer tomorrow.
It will rain tomorrow.

Exercise 6
Make these sentences negative by putting in 'not7
They will open the shops tomorrow.
They will not open the shops tomorrow.

They will walk to school tomorrow.
He will speak to us tomorrow.
She will show us the book tomorrow.
You will go to Ipoh tomorrow.
I shall wear a tie tomorrow.
I shall get a new pen tomorrow.
We shall go by train tomorrow.
The bananas will be ripe tomorrow.

Exercise 7
Rewrite these sentences using 'shan't' in place of 'shall not', and 'won't' in place of 'will not'.
We shall not be at home tomorrow.
We shan't be at home tomorrow.

1. We shall not be late tomorrow.
We shall not ring the bell tomorrow.
I shall not drink any milk tomorrow.
I shall not carry the box tomorrow.
He will not row the boat tomorrow.
She will not find her bag tomorrow.
They will not go fishing tomorrow.
You will not bathe in the river tomorrow.

Exercise 8
Rewrite these sentences using 'shan't' in place of shall not', and 'won't' in place of 'will not'.
She will not wear that dress tomorrow.
She won't wear that dress tomorrow.

He will not wait for the bus tomorrow.
She will not sleep in her house tomorrow.
They will not ride in a lorry tomorrow.
The tree will not die tomorrow.
We shall not learn English tomorrow.
We shall not go by car tomorrow.
I shall not bring an umbrella tomorrow.
I shall not talk to her tomorrow.

LESSON 20
Direct Object followed by ‘to’
There are three children in this picture.
They are Ah Kow, Aishah and Ahmad.
Look at Ahmad. He has two rulers.
 He is giving one ruler to Aishah.
He is giving one ruler to her.
He is not giving any ruler to Ah Kow.
He is not giving any ruler to him.
Who is Ahmad giving the ruler to?
He is giving the ruler to Aishah.
He is giving the ruler to her.
Is he giving the ruler to Ah Kow?
No, he is not giving the ruler to Ah Kow.
No, he is not giving the ruler to him.

Miss Goh is a teacher. Look at her.
She has a lot of books in her hands.
What is she doing with the books?
She is giving the books to all of her pupils.
She is giving the books to all of them.
Who is Miss Goh giving the books to?
She is giving the books to her pupils.
She is giving the books to them.
To whom is Miss Goh giving the books?
She is giving the books to her pupils.
She is giving the books to them.
What are the pupils doing?
They are taking the books from Miss Goh.
They are taking the books from her.

Head the sentences in these two tables.

 He gave the book.
 I showed the box.
 She sold the car.
 He handed the basket.
 They passed the ball

 to Ah Kow.
 to Swee Lan.
 to the girl in the blue dress.
 to the boy with a white hat.
 to the man at the gate.

 The teacher gave the ruler.
 The woman showed the knife.
 The man sold the bicycle.
 The boy handed the handbag.
 The girls threw the ball

  to me.
  to us.
  to him.
  to her.
  to them.
  to you.



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